In the Vegetable Gardening for Beginners Guide, we cover how to start a vegetable garden from scratch, which vegetables to grow, and when to plant what. Vegetable Gardening for BeginnersWhy garden, you ask? See how to prepare you soil for vegetable plants.

However, it would also be wise to contact your state’s Cooperative Extension Service to find out what plants grow best in your area. For each crop, we provide specific information about how to plant, grow, and harvest, including watering and fertilizing and pest control! .

When to Plant Vegetables

Raised bed vegetable garden with flowers Credit: Denny SchrockWhen to Plant Cool-Season VegetablesCool-season vegetables usually develop edible roots, stems, leaves, or buds, such as cabbage, onions, and potatoes. In regions where nights remain cool, you can sow cool-season vegetables every two weeks for a continual harvest that extends into fall. In warmer regions, plant cool-season vegetables as early as possible in late winter or early spring, and plant seeds or transplants again when temperatures cool down in fall so you can enjoy winter harvests. Patio tomatoes Credit: Peter KrumhardtThe Best Time to Plant Warm-Season VegetablesWarm-season vegetables, such as tomatoes, peppers, corn, and okra, originated in tropical climates.

Wait until about two weeks after the average last frost date for your region to plant warm-season crops. .

Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds

Enter your locationEnter your location above to get your spring and fall planting dates! Vegetable Planting CalendarFind out when to plant vegetables with the Almanac's planting guide! We'll tell you the earliest dates to plant vegetables in the spring and the last dates that you can plant for a fall harvest, based on average frost dates for your location. For spring planting dates, you can always calculate the planting dates yourself using our Frost Dates Calculator.) Our fall planting dates consider which crops are more hardy versus tender, and we've also made adjustments for the harvesting period. .

Planting Calendar for Vegetables, Flowers, Herbs, and Fruit

The Gilmour planting guide is an ultimate guide on when to plant what, based on planting zones and frost dates. A planting calendar is a simple guide that tells when the optimal time to plant any type of vegetable, flower or plant is.

A planting calendar helps you decide exactly when to plant every type of vegetable. When to plant, and how well a plant will do indoors versus outdoors, will vary from plant to plant.

Planning a gardening calendar is exciting – and a planting calendar takes some of the guesswork out of the process, so it can also be fun and rewarding. .

When Is the Best Time to Start Your Garden?

Fun fact: Tower Garden doesn’t use soil. That means you can start the growing season before most traditional gardeners (who must wait for the ground to warm up). The Best Time to Plant Your GardenFor most of the United States, the best time to start spring crops is, well, now.

How to Start Your Spring GardenExcited to start your spring garden? When your seedlings grow to about three inches tall and have roots protruding from the rockwool, you can plug them into your Tower Garden. .

What to plant now

Zones 7-10 should plant long day onions, and Zones 3-6 should plant short day onions. Northern areas should plant long day onions, and Southern regions should plant short day onions. Learn More: How to Grow EggplantSuggested varieties: Florida Market High Bush, Rosa BiancaHerbs (Zones 3-10):Herbs are great to grow inside year-round, but if you want to plant outside now you can start to plant heat loving herbs like basil, oregano, cilantro thyme and sage. If you are in a cooler climate, plant long day onions and if you are in a warmer climate, plant short day onions. Learn More: How to Grow CucumbersSuggest varieties: Spacemaster 80, Muncher, Marketmore 76Herbs (Zones 3-10):All Zones can plant an herb garden indoors or outdoors, but now is the time to plant heat loving herbs like basil, oregano, thyme and sage. .

How to Plant a Vegetable Garden in 10 Steps

10 Steps to Starting a Vegetable GardenTo get started, here are 10 steps recommended by the National Gardening Association. Prepare the soilMix compost and natural fertilizers into your garden to condition the soil for your plants.

Add waterGently spray the garden with water to keep the soil evenly moist throughout the growing season. Add a 2- to 4-inch-thick layer of organic mulch to your garden to keep the weeds from overtaking your crops. You can purchase prepared garden fertilizer or make your own from items like Epsom salt, eggshells, fish tank water and kitchen compost. .

Month-by-Month Guide to Vegetable Gardening

The bottom line: The more prep work you do now, the better your plants will fare. PreparationWhether you’re gearing up to plant a new vegetable garden or make improvements to one you already have, start by creating a map with the outline of your beds.

Sketch out your arrangement for the coming season: Remember, crops need to rotate every year. Jot down notes on the backs as reminders of successes and failures to help steer you on what to plant the next year. Newbies should ask for recommendations about which vegetables are easiest to grow; begin with a small assortment and add to the selection as you gain confidence and experience. .

California Vegetable Planting Calendar

California Last & First Frost Dates*Based on statistics there is a 10% chance that frost will occur before or after these dates. Watch your local weather for more accurate dates.

California on average has approximately 270 days between the last and first frost. Using the planting schedules below will help you get the most out of your garden.



Despite lingering winter weather conditions and temperatures, it’s still possible and important to get started early on planting your spring vegetables. With the right amount of organic matter in the soil, it’s easier for a plant to get air, water and nutrients to the roots.

More organic matter mixed into less soil can be counterproductive and limit plant growth. WHAT TO PLANT AND WHENWhen it comes to planting, vegetables can be divided into two groups.

For more information, download this Utah State University Extension “Vegetable Planting Guide,” which offers more details about vegetables to plant and when to plant them. .


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