Well, there are two big categories of vegetable plants – the ones that can survive a frost in the garden (frost tolerant vegetables) and the ones that will get killed by frost (non-frost tolerant vegetables). Most Common Mistakes in the Spring & FallWhat most commonly happens in spring is that gardeners plant vegetables that aren’t frost tolerant too early and then their gardens get hit by a spring frost. Now that you understand what a frost is, how to find out your average first and last frosts, and why it’s important to know about frost tolerant vegetables, let’s get into which vegetables actually fall into that category. Get to Know Your Frost Tolerant VegetablesLuckily, many of the vegetables we have planted in our gardens in early spring and fall are frost tolerant.
Anything that’s frost tolerant doesn’t need to be harvested before your first frost in fall, it’ll stay just fine in the garden for a while. .
19 Frost Hardy Vegetables to Plant this Fall
Did you know that there are vegetables you can plant now that will only become sweeter and more delicious if they go through a frost? Here is a list of 19 Frost Hardy Vegetables you should plant this fall:Although beets grow well during warm weather, the seedlings are established more easily under cool, moist conditions. Broccoli plants thrive in cool temperatures, they have been known to survive temperatures as low as 28 F.The plant will withstand frost and can be harvested until a hard freeze strikes. Cabbage can withstand frost down to 20 degrees or even 15 degrees F.5.
Frost damage on leafy vegetables doesn't render the plant inedible like a disease. .
Frost Tolerance of Vegetables, Edibles: Botanical Interests
Frost tolerance is a crop's ability to survive a frost or below freezing temperatures. Sweetening is one of a few strategies plants may have to avoid frost or freeze damage, and it is a strategy often seen in cool season vegetables.
Also, the more mature the frost-tolerant plant, the better able it is to withstand frost or freezing. Search for your crops below to determine their frost tolerance level. Likely damaged by light frost:Can withstand light frost:Can withstand hard frost: .
Frost-tolerant Garden Vegetables
Question: With the first frost coming soon, which vegetables will survive unprotected in the garden? Answer: Fall, with its cooler temperatures and more abundant moisture, offers excellent growing conditions for many vegetables. Semi-hardy vegetables are those which can survive repeated light frosts in the 30–32˚F range. Hardy vegetables are those that can survive temperatures as low as 20˚F before finally being killed.
Use the Vegetable Garden Wheel to grow an abundance of fresh vegetables. .
Here's what you can plant before the last frost
Finding your last frost-free dateTo avoid planting too early, be sure to check the frost-free date for your area. “We plant quite a lot in January and February, but we don’t plant our spring crops much before [the last frost-free date],” Wilber said. “We’ve had a couple springs where the climate has been very warm up until that last frost date, and then we still get a surprise freeze. Planning your planting before the last frost-free dateWhen exactly you will plant or transplant your crops before the last frost will depend on where and what you plant. For example, broccoli can usually be planted two weeks before the last frost date, while cabbage and collards can go out about four weeks before. .
11 Delicious Cold-Season Vegetables That Are Easy to Grow
Packed with nutrients, broccoli is tasty and easy to grow. It'll also survive frost; in the spring, you can plant it about a month before your area's average last frost date.
Because broccoli loves cool weather, you can also plant it in late summer for fall harvests. Test Garden Tip: If you keep the leaves on the plant after harvesting your broccoli florets, the plants should produce sideshoots that'll give you a second or even third crop. Growing Conditions: Full sun or part shade and well-drained soilSize: Up to 2 feet tallZones: 2-11Standout Variety: 'Packman', which bears uniform heads and matures in about 55 daysBuy It: Broccoli Seeds (from $2, Etsy) .
Cool Season Crops
Grow cool season crops like lettuce, broccoli, and potatoes to get an early start on your spring garden. Know What to GrowMany crops can tolerate colder weather and soil and can be planted as early spring vegetables.
Unlike warm-season crops, cool-season crops should be planted so that they mature when the weather is still cool and before the summer heat hits. When warm weather arrives, many of these early crops tend to “bolt” or prematurely run to seed.
Some cool season crops fare better when direct seeded, while others can be started indoors. .
Fall and Winter Vegetables to Plant That Aren't Bothered by the Cold
It might surprise you that some of the best fall and winter vegetables you can plant reach maturity during the cold-weather months, while others can make it through the cold winter months and sprout in time for a warm-weather harvest. Other vegetables to plant in the fall come in the form of hardy, leafy greens, like cabbage and mustard greens. These can survive the harshest of conditions the winter months throw their way—even snow, rain, and ice-cold temperatures. Aside from having the right fall and winter vegetables to plant, there are many protective measures you can take to make sure your garden thrives. Here, experts detail the best crops to add to your fall and winter vegetable gardens—despite whatever weather might come your way. .
15 Frost Tolerant Vegetable Plants
KaleKale plants grow best in cool weather and they’re frost tolerant. CarrotsCarrots are another popular frost hardy vegetable that can be grown year round. PeasPeas are easy to grow, frost hardy vegetables that look great growing on a trellis.
So there are 15 frost tolerant vegetable plants that you can grow in your garden over the cold winter months. RELATED ARTICLESHave you had success growing cold hardy, frost tolerant vegetables in your garden? .