The bottom line: The more prep work you do now, the better your plants will fare.Preparation. .
What to plant now
Crop Calculators Listed below are flower, vegetable and herb varieties that are great to start planting in the different months based on the Hardiness Zone that you live in.January is a great time to start planning what vegetable varieties to be grown in the garden.Most tomatoes and peppers will take 6-8 weeks to reach transplant size so plan according to your climate!Suggested tomato varieties: Brandywine, Cherokee Purple, Roma, Sweetie, Heirloom Blend.Suggested pepper varieties: California Wonder, Early Jalapeno, Sweet Banana, Super Chili.If you live in a warmer climate, like Zones 8-10, and can find a quick growing Broccoli variety, you can harvest until it bolts in the hot summer sun!Late January is a great time to start your onion seeds indoors if you live in Zones 8-10.Herbs are definitely the most popular indoor plant to grow throughout the winter months in any Zone.Pay attention to grow times so that your flowers are ready to be planted after last frost.Below are some good varieties to start in January if you are in Zone 8-10 for a last frost in March and April!For cooler areas, February is a great time to sow your tomatoes and peppers.In late February, there are several cool weather vegetables you can directly sow out in the garden.If you live in Zones 7-10, and can find a quick growing Broccoli variety, you can harvest until it bolts in the hot summer sun!Herbs are definitely the most popular indoor plant to grow throughout the winter months in any Zone.Plant heat loving herbs like basil, oregano, thyme and sage.Suggested varieties: Italian Basil, Greek Oregano, French Thyme, Broadleaf Sage.In Zones 7-10, start a crop of salad mix greens that gets bright sun, but not all day.Great for spring crops until the lettuce begins to bolt in the summer sun!Suggested Varieties: Buttercrunch, Mesclun Mix, Black Seeded Simpson.For Zones 7-10, start seeds 8-10 weeks before your last frost date indoors for best results.Suggested varieties: California Wonder, Early Jalapeno, Sweet Banana, Super Chili.For Zones 7-10 start seeds 6-8 weeks before your last frost date indoors for best results.Suggested varieties: Brandywine, Cherokee Purple, Siberian, Roma, Heirloom Blend.Pay attention to grow times so that your flowers are ready to be planted after last frost.Below are some good varieties to start in January if you are in Zone 7-10 for a last frost in March and April!March is the perfect time to get those tomato and pepper seeds started indoors so they can be ready for an early spring planting!Also now is a great time to start planting cool weather vegetables that can withstand those last frost days of March and April.Beets are a tasty root vegetable edible for both its bulb and green tops.Beets prefer cooler weather and can be grown in early spring to late summer.Broccoli is a hardy, cool-season vegetable bringing colorful green nutrients to the table.If you live in Zones 5-10 and can find a quick growing Broccoli variety, you can harvest in late spring until it bolts in the hot summer sun!Cabbage is one of the easier plants to grow in the garden as it is a hardy vegetable that comes in different colors and sizes.Suggested varieties: Late Flat Dutch, Golden Acre, Michihili.Other than the typical orange, carrots can be found in red, white, rainbow and purple colors.For Zones 5-10, start carrot seeds indoors so you can transplant them outdoors in early to mid May.Zones 5-10, start seeds 4-7 weeks before the last frost depending on length of season.For Zones 8-10, try a small plot of corn after the last spring frost, working your way to a large field of several varieties.Fast growing vine or bush cucumber plants can produce an abundance of delicious fruits.For Zones 5 and 6, start seeds indoors so you can transplant them outdoors between April and June.Eggplants are delicious in various cuisine, but also make to be a great meat substitute for its hardy, tender texture.Herbs are great to grow in order to add fresh flavors to any dish.Suggested varieties: Sweet High Oil Basil, Standard Chive, Vulgaris Thyme, Bouquet Dill.Lettuce is a great source of Vitamin A and will add color to any tossed salads for a summer treat.For Zones 5-10, start a crop of salad mix greens 4-6 weeks before the last frost that gets bright sun, but not all day.Suggested Varieties: Gabriella, Garden Leaf Blend, Dwarf Romaine.Melons are a sweet and colorful addition to summer meals and are great for a home garden.Suggested varieties: Honeydew Green Flesh, Honey Dew Stutz Supreme, Rich Sweetness.For Zones 5-10, start seeds 6-12 weeks before your last frost date indoors for best results.Suggested varieties: California Wonder, Early Jalapeno, Sweet Banana, Rainbow Blend Bell.For Zones 5-10, planting in early March will ensure you have plenty of harvest before bolting!For Zones 5-10, starting in March or 3-4 weeks before the last frost and sowing in June will lead to fresh squash and zucchini to enjoy during the the hot summer.For Zones 5-10, start seeds 6-8 weeks before your last frost date indoors for best results.Suggested varieties: Betty, Cherokee Purple, Vintage Wine, Sweet Million, Tasty Evergreen.Select a variety that is right for your location (size and maturity length) and be sure to fertilize and water when cabbage head begins to form.Suggested varieties: Late Flat Dutch, Golden Acre, Michihili.Try a small plot of corn two weeks after the last frost,, working your way to a large field of several varieties.Suggested varieties: Honey Select Sweet, obsession, Butter and Sugar.Suggested varieties: Spacemaster 80, Boston Pickling, Burpless Bush Slicer.Eggplants are a great meat substitute and can come in different colors of white, orange, light purple and various shapes, for an attractive summer harvest.Suggested varieties: Florida Market High Bush, Rosa Bianca.Suggested varieties: Italian Basil, Greek Oregano, Slow Bolt Cilantro, French Thyme, Broadleaf Sage.Suggested Varieties: Parris Island Cos, Garden Leaf Blend, Iceberg.Suggested varieties: Tasty Bites, Honey Rock, Rocky Ford Green Flesh.Suggest variety: Red Grano, Ailsa Craig Exhibition, White Sweet Spanish.Fresh, crisp peppers are a garden favorite and can produce high yields when planted close together.Suggested varieties: King of the North, Early Jalapeno, Joe Parker.Suggested Varieties: Scallop Blend, Early Prolific Straightneck, Garden Spineless.Homegrown tomatoes taste delicious fresh, or they can be used for canning, sauces and other recipes.Suggested varieties: San Marzano, Sun Gold, Bradley, Red Zebra.April is a great time to start to sow your flowers indoors so they can be ready for summer blooms!Good choices are summertime kitchen garden staples like squash, beans, cucumbers and melons.Suggested varieties: Scarlet Runner, Kentucky Wonder, Colorful Garden Blend.Now that the weather is warmer and soil is above 55 degrees Fahrenheit, it is the perfect time to plant sweet corn for a delicious late summer to early fall harvest.Anytime year-round is the perfect time to plant heat loving herbs like basil, oregano, rosemary and sage indoors or outdoors!Suggested varieties: Italian Basil, Greek Oregano, Bouquet Dill, Broadleaf Sage.Suggested varieties: Carolina Reaper, Rainbow Blend Bell, California Wonder, Hot and Happy Mix.Suggested Varieties: Early Prolific Straightneck, Scallop Blend, Garden Spineless.Suggested varieties: SunSugar, Rio Grande, Sweet Seedless, Red Pear.Many vegetables will still grow and produce even more quickly from seed planted in early June when the soil is well warmed up and teeming with life depending on where you live.Beans are fast growing in warm soil will give you a crop in as little as 35 days with some varieties.Suggested varieties: Copenhagen Market, White Stem, Red Acre.Planting carrots by mid-June in Zones 3-7 will yield a late summer crop that will keep in the garden until used.Even in the July heat there are still some great crops that can be planted that will keep your garden pumping out vegetables well into the fall.You can still plant both bush and pole beans since they love warm soil and air.Suggested varieties: Blue Lake FM-1K Pole, Landreth Stringless, Strike.This fall crop can be enjoyed roasted, boiled or eaten raw in thin shavings.For a delicious fall harvest, start broccoli now to produce a crop well into November.Starting carrots or planting for cooler zones by mid-July yields a fall crop that will keep in the garden until used.Starting carrots or planting for cooler zones by mid-July yields a fall crop that will keep in the garden until used.Suggested varieties: Bodacious, Sugar Buns, Early Golden Bantam.Late summer is perfect for a delicious fall vegetable and herb harvest.Early August is the last practical sowing date for both bush and pole beans now that the soil and air are warmed up.A great way to add nutrients to your soil for the following year is by growing fall/winter cover crops this fall.Starting vine or bush cucumbers in August will lead to a delicious fall harvest.August is the perfect time to plant those flowers for a beautiful fall harvest.Suggested varieties: Watermelon Radish, Comet, Black Spanish Round.Spinach is more of a cool weather vegetable and is great to grow in August for a tasty fall harvest.Although September marks the beginning of fall, there are still a few fast growing vegetables that can be planted this month and be harvested before the first frost in most gardening zones.If you live in a warmer zone and can find a quick growing Broccoli variety, you can plant now to harvest well into November.Garlic is a vegetable that can be planted in the fall for a larger and earlier harvest this coming spring.Suggested Varieties: Gabriella, Romaine Trio Blend, Green Ice.Spinach is more of a cool weather vegetable and is great to grow in September for a late fall/winter harvest.October means that fall is here and many vegetables don’t have enough time to develop before your first frost.Garlic is a vegetable that can be planted in the fall for a larger and earlier harvest this coming spring.Herbs are defiantly the most popular indoor plant to grow throughout the winter months.Suggested varieties: Aroma 2 Basil, Standard Chive, Greek Oregano, Giant of Italy Parsley, French Thyme.This is a great time of the year to clone some of your outside plants or grow them from seed indoors.Herbs are defiantly the most popular indoor plant to grow throughout the winter months.Suggested varieties: Genovese Basil, Common Cilantro, Italian Plain Parsley.Growing sprouts indoors is fun, quick and a great way to spruce up salads and sandwiches.Herbs are defiantly the most popular indoor plant to grow throughout the winter months.Suggested varieties: Large Leaf Basil, Mammoth Long Island Dill, Creeping Thyme. .
what to plant now for a fall vegetable garden
The heat and calendar told them to stop, but I’m carrying on—making the now-empty spot hospitable for something else by cooling the soil a bit so something delicious for fall harvest will be happy to germinate, and get growing.Perhaps kale or more amazing ‘Piracicaba,’ broccoli (above, for which I have seedlings started) or carrots, beets, and more green beans?The possibilities here would work in much of the Northeast and similar zones to my 5B, in a spot where frost is expected no sooner than late September or early October.Broccoli (60 days from transplants started about 15 weeks before first frost; do try ‘Piracicaba,’ whose florets are looser, delicious, and which easily produces lots of side shoots).Cucumbers (bush type rated 60 days; I sowed these June 15).Mustard greens, about 45 days (faster as baby greens to spice a salad).Select a variety that’s a shorter number of days to maturity than its peers, or rated for late-season growing.Count back from frost date but add extra time to the calculation, an extra two weeks perhaps that’s often called “the fall factor,” since days are getting gradually shorter and cooler as fall plants mature.I SEARCHED FOR REGIONAL calendars for fall vegetable sowings–or in the case of the warmest zones, that would be a fall-sown, winter-harvested garden.Also note that in some cases, the late-season information is far down the page, below the timing and how-to for spring, so keep scrolling/paging through. .
Planting Calendar for Vegetables, Flowers, Herbs, and Fruit
1 Find your zone Enter your zip code below to find your planting zone 2 Choose your plants Browse through over 150 vegetables, herbs, flowers & fruits 3 Explore your calendar Learn which plants to grow in your zone & when to plant them.Two of the most important aspects of gardening are knowing when to plant and what to plant in your vegetable or flower garden.Planting calendars are designed to calculate the best time to start seeds and plant a garden.Timing for all planting is based on first and last frost dates.From specific plants and vegetables that thrive in one particular zone, to when to plant, to how much water they need, to when to harvest, the Gilmour Planting Calendar provides everything you need to know to grow a bountiful garden.Keep frost dates in mind when deciding when to plant to ensure you have a garden that grows and produces as much as possible.A planting calendar helps you decide exactly when to plant every type of vegetable.Determining when to plant flowers is easy once you learn the first and last frost date in your zone.Always look at the type of flower to see if it will tolerate your zone and frost dates.Most herbs can be started from seed indoors or outdoors.Planting fruit trees in early spring or late winter is typically fine if planting them in the ground.Other fruit such as strawberries can go in the ground as early as 6 weeks prior to the last average frost date in an area.It’s based on growing zone, frost dates and a plant’s maturity date and needs.A planting schedule can be created by determining the first frost date and then working backwards.Some do so simply to get a jump start on the gardening season, since the process can be started even while still cold out.One of the most important components to starting plants from seeds is timing.A better way than size to tell if a plant is mature enough to be transplanted is by the number of true leaves it has.If a seedling has between 3 and 4 true leaves, it is likely ready.For example, in Florida, you can plant peppers and tomatoes in February to enjoy a summer harvest, and then again in early fall for a winter harvest.When is the best time to plant a garden?Just like water, soil, light and other growing conditions, plants can have very different needs for the best time to be planted.The only way to know for sure is to use a gardening calendar that calculates the first expected and last average last frost date in a specific zone – this will help determine planting timing for each plant. .
Vegetable Gardening for Beginners: The Basics of Planting
This year, we’ve added a “starter” garden plan consisting of easy-to-grow vegetables, companion planting techniques, and some lovely flowers!If you’ve never tasted garden-fresh food, you will be amazed by the sweet, juicy flavors and vibrant textures.If you have rocky soil, till and remove the rocks, as they will interfere with root growth and make for weaker plants.Stable and not windy: Avoid places that receive strong winds that could knock over your young plants or keep pollinators from doing their job.For example, a garden that feeds a family of four could include: 3 hills of yellow squash; 1 mound of zucchini; 10 assorted peppers; 6 tomato plants; 12 okra plants; a 12-foot row of bush beans; 2 cucumbers on a cage; 2 eggplant; 6 basil; 1 rosemary, and a few low-growing herbs such as oregano, thyme, and marjoram.Whatever the size of your garden: Every four feet or so, make sure that you have paths that allow you to access your plants to weed and harvest.Just make sure that you can reach the center of the row or bed easily without stepping on the soil.However, it would also be wise to contact your state’s Cooperative Extension Service to find out what plants grow best in your area.For example, if you live in an area with extremely hot weather, vegetables that prefer cooler temps may struggle.Also, certain veggies are so far superior when homegrown, it’s almost a shame not to consider them (we’re thinking of garden lettuce and tomatoes).Or, you could just grow cool-season crops such as lettuce, kale, peas, and root veggies during the cooler months of late spring and early fall.A few extra cents spent in spring for that year’s seeds will pay off in higher yields at harvesttime.“Cool-season” vegetables such as lettuce and brocoil and peas grow in cooler weather of early spring (and fall).“Warm-season” such as tomatoes and peppers and cucumbers aren’t planted until the soil warms up in late spring and summer.If you’re planning on growing “perennial” crops such as asparagus, rhubarb, and some herbs, provide permanent locations or beds.Consider that some crops mature quickly and have a very short harvest period (radishes, bush beans).Every region has a different planting time based mainly on their weather, and every vegetable has its temperature preferences, too.See the Almanac’s Best Planting Dates—a gardening calendar customized to your local frost dates.For specific planting information, see our individual Grow Guides for over 100 popular vegetables, herbs, and fruit.For each crop, we provide specific information about how to plant, grow, and harvest, including watering and fertilizing and pest control!With this tool, draw your garden plan on the computer and drop in your preferred vegetables, and it automatically calculates the proper spacing for each type of crop!Then you can print out your plan and the tool reminds you of your seeding and harvesting dates for every vegetable!Over time, you’ll see that this tool also provides “crop rotation” so that if you plan a second season, you can properly reposition your plants to avoid pests and disease. .
Planting a Fall Vegetable Garden — Seattle's Favorite Garden Store
Let’s look at where to plant, how to improve the soil, and whether you should plant seeds or starts (baby plants), then I’ll provide a list of vegetables suitable for the fall/winter garden.Where to Plant.If you can, plant something different than what you had in that spot in spring and summer.Remember also that you can sow seeds or even plant starts (baby plants) in tight spaces if the vegetables that are currently growing there will be harvested soon.Now is also the time to mulch your soil, after planting, with several inches of compost (Gardner & Bloome Soil Building Conditioner is great as mulch) to keep summer's heat in the soil and help retain soil moisture.Let them grow through the winter, then till them into the soil in early (can't emphasize that enough) spring and voilà - improved soil! .
15 Best Vegetables to Grow
Juicy tomatoes, snappy green beans, and crisp cucumbers are just some of the best vegetables to grow in your garden this year.There are plenty of spring flowers and even edible flowers to add to your garden! .
5 Early Spring Veggies You Can Plant Now
Like their shell and sugar snap cousins, snow peas are cold-weather veggies best planted the moment the soil can be worked every spring.To grow snow peas, sow the seeds directly into the garden four to six weeks before the last expected spring frost.Because many snow pea varieties grow tall, erect a fence, trellis, or garden netting for the vines to climb.If shorter plants are desired, select a bush variety of snow peas, such as ‘Oregon Sugar Pod II’ or ‘Short N’ Sweet’.But, no matter which varieties you choose to plant, seeds can be sown directly into the garden as early as eight weeks before the last expected spring frost.If you plan to harvest baby lettuce greens, there’s no need to thin the resulting seedlings; simply snip off the young leaves as you need them.This is another spring vegetable well worth growing, especially because store-bought radishes pale in comparison to homegrown roots in the flavor department.While you can grow broccoli by directly sowing the seeds into the garden, the plants require more time to mature than some other spring vegetables and may not produce quality heads before hot weather arrives.To accommodate for this, broccoli is best grown from starter plants purchased at your local nursery, or by starting the seeds indoors, under grow lights, about four to six weeks before they’re ready to be transplanted outside.Regardless of whether you grow your own plants or purchase them from a nursery, young broccoli seedlings can go out into the garden four to six weeks before the last expected spring frost. .