Plus, we will provide some tips and tricks for sowing seeds so that they survive and thrive.Many vegetables prefer being directly seeded into the ground and do not thrive as well if they're transplanted or disturbed.In this article, we focus on vegetables which are planted as seed directly into the ground outdoors.See our separate articles about transplanting and starting seeds indoors for more information on those topics.Below is a list of those veggies which prefer to be seeded directly into the soil (not transplanted):.Very hardy (can be planted 4 to 6 weeks before average last frost date).Below is a list of those veggies which prefer to be seeded directly into the soil (not transplanted):.Cucurbit seeds (which include cucumbers, muskmelons, watermelons, pumpkins, summer squash, winter squash, and gourds) require very warm soil to germinate, at least 60°F.It goes without saying (but we'll say it again), you can't just scatter seeds on the ground and expect all plants to grow!Also, plant so that you can reach the center of the row or bed easily enough to weed, water, and harvest.Provide permanent beds for perennial crops such as rhubarb, asparagus, and some herbs.Alternatively, do as many gardeners do and add organic matter in the fall so that it needs little work in the spring.Most hybrid plants will not be "true" to their parent type, so you could end up with a completely different (and possibly disappointing) fruit or flower.Vegetables that grow slowly from seed and are ideal to start indoors include: tomatoes, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, eggplant, and peppers.Before planting warm-season crops, especially cucurbits, you can warm the soil with different techniques, such as forming a mound or hill and/or using black plastic.Lay any black plastic on the soil surface as early as possible in the spring.If you plant in early spring, be prepared to insulate young seedlings from cold weather—from cloches to row covers.Sowing seeds is pretty simple, but there are some tips and tricks to make it easier, including the following:.Plant in defined rows if you are a beginner; don't scatter widely.It's easier to keep weeds down between rows and identfy seedlings from weedlings.Often, rows are spaced about a foot apart, but refer to your seed packet for specifics.Don’t turn the hose on full strength and blast them or you'll wash those seeds away or cause them to drift together.Use a fine, gentle mist to moisten the soil or let the water hose slowly trickle around the area.Weak seedlings (such as carrots) can struggle to break thrugh the soil surface if a hard crust forms.After covering seeds with soil, add a thin layer of fine mulch or compost to help prevent crusting.More than 3 plants per hill will lead to crowding, greater chance of disease, and lower yields.Mark the spot where you planted your row of vegetables; it's very easily to forget, especially when you are trying to differentiate between seedlings and weeds!Use drip irrigation or put the hose at ground level and let the water gently soak the planting area.You'll need to thin seedlings to the right spacing when they are a couple of inches high.If you have critters or pests, there are a number of different techniques to protect your seedlings, including netting, row covers, and little plant collars.For example, cucumbers need vertical supports to produce straight (rather than curved or malformed) fruit.Any vining or sprawling plant such as melons or pole beans also need supports.See our Growing Guide Library for plant care tips for all your common vegetables.Visit our complete Gardening for Everyone hub, where you’ll find a series of guides—all free! .
How to Start Vegetable Seeds Indoors
Find mixtures for your region, or for special uses such as dry areas, partial shade, attracting animals, low growing, and more. .
How to Start Seeds - Germinating Seeds
Start by looking at the seed packet, which should tell you when to start seeds inside.Prepare the potting soil Choose potting soil that's made for growing seedlings.Start Planting Check the seed packet to see how deep you should plant your seeds.For insurance, I plant two seeds per cell (or pot).This helps keep the seeds moist before they germinate.Water, feed, repeat As the seedlings grow, use a mister or a small watering can to keep the soil moist but not soggy.I use a fan that's plugged into the same timer as my grow lights.Light, light, light! .
How to Start a Vegetable Garden: Direct-Sowing Vegetable Seeds
So you’re wondering how to start a vegetable or kitchen garden?Our seven-video series How to Start a Vegetable Garden will help you get your first veggie venture off to a good start.This episode is about direct sowing vegetable seeds.Check the back of your seed packet if you’re not sure which method to use.If you’re using raised beds, you probably don’t have to sow your seeds into mounds since the soil is already elevated off the ground.If you’re not sure how deep to plant the seeds, check the back of your seed packet.Gently push a thin layer of soil over the seeds to close up the trench you just dug.When your seedlings start to sprout, they will need to be thinned.Follow the directions on the back of your seed packet if you’re unsure of how to space your plants. .
How to Grow Vegetables & Flowers from Seed.
Want to know how to grow vegetables from seed?But the one thing that really is EASY about vegetable gardening is growing your own plants from seed.Before I get to the instructions, if you’re looking for something REALLY fast to grow that you can eat, you can grow your own bean sprouts in 4 days.How to Plant Vegetable Seeds.Wet your soil and fill seed starting trays or pots with it.Cover the trays with something to keep the humidity in while the seed germinates.Once sprouted, remove the humidity dome and put the plant under grow lights.Water when necessary and raise grow light heights when necessary.Growing From Seed.Soilless Mix – Seed Starting Tray – Drip Tray – Humidity Dome – Seeds – Water – Grow Lights.This is a mix for planting seeds in that doesn’t contain any “soil”.The drip tray is set under the seed starting tray and catches drips and dirt.Heat mats aren’t mandatory but they’re very helpful for germinating seeds and growing on other heat loving plants like loofah or tomatoes.If you want to get everything in one shot, I’ve compiled a list of everything you need on Amazon complete with 13 various seeds, a seed starting tray, heat mat, soil and plant markers, all for a total of just $77.Soilless mix used for starting seedlings, not growing them on.The perfect ratio of water to soil is when you squeeze your soil very hard and a few drips of water come out of it.Cover the seeds up with soil.Also, once you’ve covered them, press down on the soil with your finger to make sure the top soil is touching the seed.Cover your seed tray with a plastic dome.The dome helps create heat and the necessary humidity for the seeds to germinate.If I were starting from scratch I’d probably get these flat panel LED lights and build wood shelves, but the tiered grow light stands I use now are great too.LED Grow light Recommendations.Once the seeds have sprouted, keep the tray under the lights.If you don’t have grow lights, just put your tray in a sunny window but make sure to rotate the plant so it isn’t always reaching the same way for the light..Water your plants by putting water into the drip tray and allow the plants to soak up the water for 10 minutes.As your plants grow, adjust the height of your lights.And that’s really all there is to starting your own plants from seed.Seeds don’t need light to germinate.Use a timer on your lights – seedlings need 15 hours of light unless they’re onions.Run your hand across the top of your seedlings.Now grab a seed, get some dirt and start growing your own flowers and vegetables. .
What to plant now
What to Plant Now.Crop Calculators Listed below are flower, vegetable and herb varieties that are great to start planting in the different months based on the Hardiness Zone that you live in.If you live in Zones 8-10, get a head start on the growing season by starting your tomato, pepper and eggplant seeds indoors.Learn More: How to Grow Tomatoes, How to Grow Peppers, How to Grow Eggplant.Onions (Zones 8-10):.Late January is a great time to start your onion seeds indoors if you live in Zones 8-10.For Zones 3-7 start your onion seeds in late February.Herbs (Zones 3-10):.Learn More: How to Grow Herbs.There are many different varieties of annuals and perennials with different grow times.Below are some good varieties to start in January if you are in Zone 8-10 for a last frost in March and April!For cooler areas, February is a great time to sow your tomatoes and peppers.Herbs (Zones 3-10):.Learn More: How to Grow Herbs.Great for spring crops until the lettuce begins to bolt in the summer sun!Onions (Zones 7-10):.Peppers (Zones 7-10):.Plant as many different varieties as possible!The most popular garden vegetable!There are many different varieties of annuals and perennials with different grow times.Below are some good varieties to start in January if you are in Zone 7-10 for a last frost in March and April!March is the perfect time to get those tomato and pepper seeds started indoors so they can be ready for an early spring planting!Also now is a great time to start planting cool weather vegetables that can withstand those last frost days of March and April.For Zones 7-10, sow beets now for a fast, early summer treat!If you live in Zones 5-10 and can find a quick growing Broccoli variety, you can harvest in late spring until it bolts in the hot summer sun!Cabbage is one of the easier plants to grow in the garden as it is a hardy vegetable that comes in different colors and sizes.Corn is one of the most rewarding and fast growing crops to grow!Suggested varieties: Early Golden Bantam , Ambrosia, Sweet G90.For Zones 5 and 6, start seeds indoors so you can transplant them outdoors between April and June.Suggest varieties: Spacemaster 80, Green Finger, Manny.Herbs (Zones 3-10):.For Zones 5-10, herbs can start to be transplanted outdoors.In any Zone, herbs are definitely the most popular indoor plant to grow year-round.Learn More: How to Grow Herbs.For Zones 5-10, start a crop of salad mix greens 4-6 weeks before the last frost that gets bright sun, but not all day.Great for late summer and early fall crops!For Zones 7-10, start seeds indoors for a head start on your summer garden.Onions (Zones 5-10):.For Zones 5-10, green peas and sugar peas are good to start 4 to 6 weeks before the last spring frost to yield a summer harvest.Peppers (Zones 5-10):.Plant as many different varieties as possible!Suggested varieties: California Wonder, Early Jalapeno, Sweet Banana, Rainbow Blend Bell.Summer Squash (Zones 5-10):.For Zones 5-10, starting in March or 3-4 weeks before the last frost and sowing in June will lead to fresh squash and zucchini to enjoy during the the hot summer.Tomatoes are the most popular garden vegetable to grow!April is the best time to plant most of your vegetable seeds after your last frost.It’s still not too late to plant tomatoes and peppers from seeds as well.Start planting both bush and pole beans now that the soil and air are warmed up as they should not have been started indoors.All Zones can sow beets now for a fast, early summer treat!Suggested Varieties: Early Wonder , Chioggia.Sowing in April will give an early summer crop!Suggested varieties: Honey Select Sweet, obsession, Butter and Sugar.Herbs (Zones 3-10):.Herbs are great to grow inside year-round, but if you want to plant outside now you can start to plant heat loving herbs like basil, oregano, cilantro thyme and sage.Learn More: How to Grow Herbs.Sowing lettuce in late spring is great for late summer and early fall crops!Onions (Zones 3-10):.Delicious green peas and sugar peas should be planted in April as they will flourish in the spring weather and will produce a May crop!Peppers (Zones 3-10):.Summer Squash (Zones 3-10):.April is a great time to start to sow your flowers indoors so they can be ready for summer blooms!You may think it’s too late to grow all your favorite vegetables from seeds, but warm May temperatures have made the soil perfect for sowing seeds.May is the time to transplant cabbage for a summer harvest.Cabbage plants do better when planted near herbs like dill and rosemary.For a delicious fall crop, start carrots inside now so that they can be transplanted in mid-July.Now that the weather is warmer and soil is above 55 degrees Fahrenheit, it is the perfect time to plant sweet corn for a delicious late summer to early fall harvest.Herbs (Zones 3-10):.Learn More: How to Grow Herbs.Summer Squash (Zones 3-10):.Beans are fast growing in warm soil will give you a crop in as little as 35 days with some varieties.Planting carrots by mid-June in Zones 3-7 will yield a late summer crop that will keep in the garden until used.One of the most rewarding and fast growing crops to grow in the summer.Herbs (Zones 3-10):.All Zones can plant an herb garden indoors or outdoors, but now is the time to plant heat loving herbs like basil, oregano, thyme and sage.Learn More: How to Grow Herbs.Summer Squash (Zones 3-10):.Summer squash sowing in June will lead to the perfect fresh squash and zucchini in July and August.Even in the July heat there are still some great crops that can be planted that will keep your garden pumping out vegetables well into the fall.For a delicious fall harvest, start broccoli now to produce a crop well into November.Starting carrots or planting for cooler zones by mid-July yields a fall crop that will keep in the garden until used.Starting carrots or planting for cooler zones by mid-July yields a fall crop that will keep in the garden until used.Fast growing vine or bush cucumber plants can produce an abundance of cucumber fruits for a delicious early fall harvest.. Be careful to pick a variety for the space you have in your garden.Late summer is perfect for a delicious fall vegetable and herb harvest.August is the perfect time to plant those flowers for a beautiful fall harvest.There are many varieties that can be planted this fall and start blooming early spring.Sow lettuce in August for a fall crop.Radishes are one of the fastes growing vegetables around and are easy to grow.Spinach is more of a cool weather vegetable and is great to grow in August for a tasty fall harvest.Suggested varieties: Red Kitten, Bloomsdale, Renegade.Although September marks the beginning of fall, there are still a few fast growing vegetables that can be planted this month and be harvested before the first frost in most gardening zones.Fall is the perfect time to plant delicious blueberry plants.Suggested varieties: Calabrese, Early Purple Sprouting.September is a great time to plant those fall flower bulbs.There are many varieties that can be planted this fall and start blooming early spring.Suggested varieties: Italian Red, California Early, Music.You can sow lettuce late summer for a fall crop.October is a great time to plant those fall flowers.There are many varieties that can be planted this fall and start blooming early spring.Suggest varieties: Celosia, Asters, Dianthus.Herbs (Zones 3-10):.Learn More: How to Grow Herbs.This is a great time of the year to clone some of your outside plants or grow them from seed indoors.Herbs (Zones 3-10):.Learn More: How to Grow Herbs.Indoor Flowers (Zone 3-10):.Vegetables (Zones 8-10):.Learn More: How to Grow Vegetables.Herbs (Zones 3-10):.Try your hand at an indoor herb garden with a variety of herbs.Learn More: How to Grow Herbs.Vegetables (Zones 8-10):.Learn More: How to Grow Vegetables.
Indoor Seed Starting
Why Start Seeds Indoors?Their seeds will not sprout in cool spring soil, and fruits need more sun to ripen than is available in the waning days of autumn.Even for crops that don't come from warmer climates, starting seeds indoors gives some plants a head start for earlier harvests and greater yield.Note that not all plants should be started indoors, and some are best sown directly in the garden (see this article on direct-sowing seeds).While you learn how seed starting works, indoor sow no more than a couple dozen plants in three or four varieties.Anything that will hold the growing medium and has drainage holes will work for indoor sowing, but we recommend specially designed seed starting kits because they include everything you need to grow strong, healthy seedlings. .
Common Mistakes Made While Growing Seeds Indoors
It is quite economical to start seeds indoors, especially when the seedlings grow into robust plants.Seedlings need a lot of light to grow into sturdy, healthy plants.No matter what anyone tells you, chances are that you do not have enough natural light in your home to grow robust seedlings.Create a mini-greenhouse to keep soil moist: cover the container with plastic until the seeds germinate.If there is no information on the packet, the rule of thumb is to plant seeds two to three times as deep as they are wide.Even the most stalwart plants, when young, need a considerable amount of coddling and attention.The first day of hardening off, place your seedlings outdoors for one hour, and then bring them back indoors.You will need to make some judgment calls based on the outdoor temperature and the fragility of your seedlings.If you sow more seeds than you can reasonably maintain, it will become challenging to nurture the seedlings into adulthood.A favorite place to keep seeds warm in order to germinate is on top of the refrigerator.Whatever type of light you use, natural or artificial, make sure it produces enough heat to keep the plants in the 65- to 75-degree range.To be able to identify seedlings as they grow and to know when they will be ready for transplanting, you should label the seed containers as you are sowing.However, one of the most satisfying benefits of this labor of love is eating a garden-grown tomato or marveling at the flowers that you nurtured from day one.Growing plants from seed takes dedication, attention, and time. .