In the Vegetable Gardening for Beginners Guide, we cover how to start a vegetable garden from scratch, which vegetables to grow, and when to plant what.This year, we’ve added a “starter” garden plan consisting of easy-to-grow vegetables, companion planting techniques, and some lovely flowers!Vegetable Gardening for Beginners.Why garden, you ask?Plant in a location that would make Goldilocks smile—somewhere that’s “just right.” Nutrient-rich soil.If planting in a raised bed, a 4’ x 4’ or 4’ x 8’ is a good beginner size.As a beginner, start by choosing easy vegetables that are also productive.We’ve listed ten easy vegetable below.Where and When to Plant.If you are simply growing two or three tomato plants, this process is easy.But if you plan to grow a full garden, you need to consider:.Where will each plant go?When will each vegetable need to be planted?Not all vegetables are planted at the same time.If you do get shade in a part of your garden, save that area for small, cool-season veggies.Most veggies are annuals (planted each year).These “days to maturity” are typically listed on the seed packet.You don’t want to plant all your lettuce seeds at the same time, or all that lettuce will need to be harvested at around the same time!When to Plant What.For specific planting information, see our individual Grow Guides for over 100 popular vegetables, herbs, and fruit.Garden Planning Tool.The Old Farmer’s Almanac offers an excellent online garden planning tool which makes your garden planning fun and easy.With new gardeners in mind, we offer a FREE week to try the Garden Planner—ample time to plan your first garden. .
Everything You Need to Know About Starting a Vegetable Garden
Believe it or not, it's not impossible to grow your own vegetable garden with yields of this nature.The fastest way to get that deep layer of fertile soil is to make raised beds.Raised beds yield up to four times more than the same amount of space planted in rows.Raised beds save you time, too.The close spacing also makes watering and harvesting more efficient.Round out the soil in your beds.In a 20-foot-long bed, for example, mounding the soil in the middle increases your total planting area from 100 to 120 square feet.That’s a 20% gain in planting space in a bed that takes up the same amount of ground space.Work in the worm castings as you turn and break up clumps of soil.(Remember that weight yield per square foot is more important than the number of plants per square foot.).Try climbing plants to make the most of space.Grow space-hungry vining crops—such as tomatoes, pole beans, peas, squash, melons, cukes, and so on—straight up, supported by trellises, fences, cages, or stakes.Growing vegetables vertically also saves time.Harvest and maintenance go faster because you can see exactly where the fruits are.Know how to time your crops well.Succession planting allows you to grow more than one crop in a given space over the course of a growing season.That way, many gardeners can harvest three or even four crops from a single area.Adding a few weeks to each end of the growing season can buy you enough time to grow yet another succession crop — say a planting of leaf lettuce, kale, or turnips — or to harvest more end-of-the-season tomatoes.When the soil temperature reaches 65 to 70 degrees Farenheit, set out plants and cover the black plastic mulch with straw to keep it from trapping too much heat. .
How to Start a Garden - Gardening 101 for Beginners
Growing your own flowers, herbs, fruits or vegetables is so rewarding.You can choose what to grow and how large or small to make it.You can choose between flowers, herbs, fruits and vegetables.The time between the two frost dates is your general growing season.The time between the two frost dates is your general growing season.A Gardening 101 principle is to choose plants that align with your gardening goals, whether that being growing fresh flowers, growing herbs, or growing fruits and vegetables, and with your growing conditions.Weeds are a fact of gardening, and a hoe is helpful in keeping them under control.Weeds are a fact of gardening, and a hoe is helpful in keeping them under control.Knives can be used for weeding, cutting sod, dividing plants and opening bags and containers.Knives can be used for weeding, cutting sod, dividing plants and opening bags and containers.Sharpening blades keeps your tools in good condition and makes gardening work easier.Choose a space where water is easily accessible.Soil is the foundation of your garden, as plants get their nutrients from the soil.A soil test will indicate your soil's pH level.When testing the soil, take slices of soil about 6 inches deep from several locations.When testing the soil, take slices of soil about 6 inches deep from several locations.This is also a good time to mix in compost or other organic matter.While garden beds can be different sizes, keeping them less than 4 feet wide allows you to work in them without stepping in them and compacting the soil.Some gardeners make raised garden beds , which is a good option if you have poor soil.By growing your garden in beds, rather than long rows, you can maximize your growing space.Gardens are usually planted in the spring or the fall, depending on the plant varieties.Some cool season vegetables, such as lettuce, radishes and peas, are planted in early spring and late summer.Before planting, look at the planting instructions on the seed packets and transplant containers for information on planting times, planting depths and spacing tips.While watering rates will depend on the plants, the soil type and weather, the general rule of thumb is that garden plants need about 1 inch of rainfall weekly during the growing season.Weeds and pests are part of gardening.Cooperative extension services often have information about identifying garden weeds.Identifying when fruits and vegetables are ripe depends on the type.To avoid spreading diseases, many plants, such as tomatoes, should be harvested when they are dry and free from dew or rainfall.By following these tips for how to grow a garden, you should be well on your way to successfully growing your own plants.Q. Mike: I would like to start my first vegetable garden next year.And great timing—with the economy looking more like one of those movies where a tidal wave takes out The Empire State building every day, a lot of people are planning on trying to grow some of their own food for the first time next season.And making that possibility a reality is a LOT easier when you get started the previous Fall.
VEGETABLE GARDENING FOR BEGINNERS – AgriFocus Africa
Our Vegetable Gardening Guide for Beginners will help you to plan and grow your tastiest vegetables ever.Find out how much food you need to grow to feed a family, top 10 vegetables for a beginner, and more tips.Why garden, you ask?A sub-par location can result in sub-par veggies!Here are some tips for a good-size beginner vegetable garden that can feed a family of four for one summer, with a little leftover for canning and freezing (or giving away to jealous neighbors).Remember that tomatoes and zucchinis are growing in the middle of summer.Seed packets are less expensive than individual plants, but if seeds don’t germinate, your money—and time—are wasted.But if you plant to grow a full garden, you need to consider:.Where each vegetable will go?When each vegetable needs to be planted.There are “cool-season” veggies that grow in spring (eq, lettuce, spinach, root veggies) and “warm-season” veggies that aren’t planted until the soil warms up (eq, tomatoes, peppers).Plant cool-season crops after spring frost and then plant warm-season crops in the same area later in the season.Plant tall veggies (such as pole beans or a trellis or sweet corn) on the north side of the garden so they don’t shade shorter plants.If you do get shade in a part of your garden, save that area for small cool-season veggies.You don’t want plant all your lettuce seeds at the same time or all that lettuce needs to be harvested around the same time!When to plant what?Over time, you’ll see that this tool also provides “crop rotation” so that if you plan a second season, you properly re-position your plants to avoid pests and disease. .
How to Plan a Vegetable Garden: A Step-by-Step Guide
New Gardens.When planning a vegetable garden it’s all too easy to jump in with both feet and try to grow as much as possible in the first year.In general it’s a good idea to define garden beds 4 feet (1.2m) wide and as long as you want them to be with a 2 foot (60cm) path between them.Mix up plants to confuse pests: Large areas of a single crop (or a single crop family) attract pests whereas mixed planting can confuse them.See our article on Common Sense Companion Planting for details.Consider Shade and Support: Tall plants can shade others or can be used to offer support to others e.g. climbing beans can grow up sweet corn.Step-By-Step Planning.With these general principles in mind here are my recommendations for placing plants in a new vegetable garden:.Gardening is both an art and a science and it’s that tension that is at the root of the confusion for many new gardeners.However, that still allows for a lot of different possibilities and the art is in placing plants in a way that makes best use of your space without breaking any of the rules.
How Vegetable Gardens Are Making Huge Health Strides in South
Patients in South Africa are digging their way to better health in an innovative vegetable garden program that Project HOPE is pioneering to combat non-communicable diseases like diabetes, high cholesterol, and hypertension.“Through the monthly support group sessions I’ve committed to attending, we learn how to manage the garden and our diets.Not only does the vegetable garden teach and support the patients, Patricia Van Wyk, the municipal ward councilor for the residential area around the clinic, found the garden initiative to be a useful platform to teach other community members new skills necessary to ensure food security and income generation. .
7 Steps to Start Your Own Vegetable Garden
Check your sunlight and soil.Decide what kind of vegetables you want to plant.There are four types of gardens you can choose from; traditional, raised bed, or residential greenhouse.You might choose this type of garden if your soil is not right for the garden that you want to plant.They are also great for growing deep root vegetables like carrots and beets!You build a garden by putting one plant in each container.You can grow nearly any vegetable in a container garden you just need to make sure you have the right size container.Large viney plants or deep rooted vegetables (like tomatoes, carrots, beets, or cucumbers) need at least a 5 gallon container.You need to make sure that you plant the garden after the last frost so that your plants will grow all spring and summer!You now have all the steps you need to start your first garden!Now get out there and plant! .
No Dig Gardening, Sustainable Gardening With Less Effort
The delicate soil structure is destroyed, compaction of soil occurs, leading to hardpan formation, and reduced water infiltration in the soil, and more surface runoff, which increases soil erosion.Well, they found that when you first dig up the soil, fertility goes up, and plants grow better.We can add organic matter directly to the soil surface, such as manure, compost, straw, leaves etc.The earthworms will create channels in the soil, which will help both water and air to penetrate into the soil.Stepping on the soil destroys the soils structure by compacting it, preventing air and water penetration to the plants roots, which affects plant health, restricts plant growth and reduces productivity.Paths are constructed for people to walk on, the garden beds are for plants ONLY!!!Earthworms Dig Better Than Humans!Earthworm burrows aerate the soil and allow the the drainage of water up to 10 times faster than soils without earthworms.Uncultivated soils with high populations of earthworms have up to 6 times greater water infiltration than cultivated soils, which reduce earthworm populations.than soils without earthworms.Worms help plants grow better – worm castings are richer in nutrients than the surrounding soil with phosphorus levels four times higher than the soil and nitrogen that is readily available to plants.This clearly shows us that earthworms can dig a lot more soil than we can in a much more efficient manner, but even more so, they can dig soil in a way that produces many additional benefits.As a brief description, the way the technique of no-dig gardening works is that of different organic materials such as pea straw, lucerne, animal manure, finely-chopped prunings, kitchen scraps, compost and laid down in layers over each other to create what is essentially a thick, flat composting system that fills a garden bed.To plant seedlings or plants into such a garden bed, small ‘pockets’ or holes are made that hold as much compost as a small pot that you could grow the plant in, they are then filled with compost, and the plants planted into them.Building a no-dig garden is a very simple technique that doesn’t take very long.No dig gardens built on existing garden beds or lawns.Here are the step-by step instructions for building a no-dig garden:.If building over an existing garden bed or soil , no additional preparation is required.If building over concrete, paving, rocky ground or other hard surfaces , first lay down a layer of small sticks and branches, twigs and old dry leaves 7-10cm (3”-4”) thick.This layer helps with drainage so water doesn’t pool on the hard surface and create a waterlogged soil.You can also add dried seaweed (if you can get it) to this layer.This layer helps with drainage so water doesn’t pool on the hard surface and create a waterlogged soil.You can also add dried seaweed (if you can get it) to this layer.Step 6 – Lay down Manure & Compost.You can also add compost to create a layer 5cm (2”) thick.Step 7 – Lay down Straw.Lay down a layer of straw approximately 10cm (4”) thick over the layer of manure or manure/compost.Step 8 – Lay down Manure & Compost.You can also add compost to create a layer 5cm (2”) thick.Step 9 – Lay down Straw.Lay down another layer of straw approximately 10cm (4”) thick over the layer of manure or manure/compost.You can also add seaweed extract to the water when you water in the seeds/seedlings or plants.It’s that easy, and that’s how you build it, in 10 simple steps!How to Convert an Existing Garden to a No-Dig Garden.Converting an existing garden bed to a no-dig system involves three basic steps:.If the soil is not compacted, go to Step 2.The roots will then break down and create deep air and water channels, and the soil will be loosened up naturally.The most important thing to do is to give an old garden bed a head start, once the soil is loosened, it will never be compacted ever again, because you don’t step in a no-dig garden!!To loosen compacted soil, break it up with a garden fork, but don’t turn it over – we’re just trying to make the soil loose and friable here, we’re not trying to kill all the soil ecology, which is what turning the soil does in conventional gardening, and why it’s done!Once we soil is loosened, and the no-dig garden layers are added, they will start to break down, adding organic matter to the soil, and the earthworms will do all the digging from there on, taking the nice organic matter from the surface and carrying it further into the soil, slowly converting the soil underneath into a rich, dark humus – real soil!Step 2 – Lay down Manure & Compost.Step 3 – Lay down Straw.Lay down a layer of straw approximately 10cm (4”) thick over the layer of manure or manure/compost.Make sure you don’t step in the garden and compact the soil once again, use paths – garden beds are for plants, paths are for humans!At the start of spring or autumn, after the previous season’s crops have been harvested and the layers of materials on the soil surface have rotted down, it’s time to add new material to replenish the layers of the no-dig garden.Add a layer of manure as before (and compost if you wish, which is optional), Cover the manure/compost layer with a layer of straw Water it in. .
10 Hardest Vegetables to Grow and Maintain
" " Vegetable gardening takes a little bit more than throwing seeds in the ground and watering.See more pictures of vegetables ©iStockphoto.com/tacojim. .