" " To give your rock garden a proper foundation, first dig out a plot so that you can put down a drainage layer.Even if you have the ideal natural slope for building a rock garden, experts advise taking the time to dig up the area to put in a proper foundation.Dig down at least 1 foot (30.48 centimeters), and get ­rid of all remaining weeds and roots (which may require some heavy-duty weed-killer) [source: Hessayon].Experts recommend digging down about three feet (91.44 centimeters) for a raised bed [source: Ward].Another option for planting a rock garden on flat land is to pile up your own mound, known as a berm.You can plant those near the bottom of the berm's slope and the ones that require less water near the top of the mound [source: McGary].(Note: This step may not be necessary if you're building on a slope with light, dry, nonclumpy soil, but it couldn't hurt.). .

How To Make A Rock Garden DIY Rock Gardens And Ideas

Rockeries or rock gardens are constructed from stones and boulders of various shapes and sizes surrounding pockets of soil.A rockery is ideal for a sloping site, where it can be used to form retaining walls between level areas of ground, as well as for growing plants suitable for a rock garden — such as succulents and other plants which require good drainage.In modern landscape design, rocks are sometimes used more for their individual beauty than as a means of holding together pockets of soil.You should site your rockery where it will become a focal point – but not in the middle of your yard with lawn all around it, or it may look rather like a grave.On a level site, it should be in proportion to the rest of the garden, neither too small and insignificant nor too large and overpowering.The sleepers are used to support the surface of the rockery and are placed on their edges, with the narrow sides at the top of the slope.The most important thing to bear in mind when planning a rockery is that it must look natural and form an integral part of your garden.To look attractive, a rockery should be about three times wider than it is high, and about two-fifths of the whole area should be stone the rest being soil for planting.Clear the soil within the shape — you won’t want weeds or grass growing up into your rock garden.In areas with poor drainage or those which experience very heavy rain, it is advisable to build your rockery on a base of coarse rubble, such as small rocks, stones and broken bricks, to improve the drainage of the site.Then start at the lowest level, positioning small and medium rocks so that their edges touch each other and tilting them slightly into the bank.At least a quarter of each rock must be firmly embedded in the soil to keep it stable and look natural.Face their most attractive sides outwards and see that their edges touch each other as closely as possible, so that soil will not run through the gaps.In a similar manner, place another series of slightly larger rocks on the higher level, to form pockets of different sizes.Choose a variety of trailing and upright flowering plants suited to your conditions, keeping the rockery as natural-looking as possible.By carefully positioning some extra rocks of the same type and color, you should be able to create a really beautiful effect.They look so natural these days that it is almost impossible to tell them from the real thing — and they’re a lot lighter, a great advantage when building a rockery.The way to do this is to level off as many flat terraces as you require, and then build up rockeries to form the retaining walls.It is usually best to site the largest of the level areas around the house, with smaller terraces on the lower slopes.The lower terraces need not be completely flat — they could be slightly sloping, to give the effect of a natural hillside, if you prefer.As you will likely have to bring in soil to fill the pockets in your rock garden, you can choose the kind best suited to the types of plants you want to grow.During construction, quite a lot of soil will have been placed in each pocket, but this may only be gravelly or poor subsoil.The soil inside each pocket, however, should be very good quality, to a depth of at least 12 inches (30.48 cm).Remove some of the poor soil from the pocket and fill up with a mixture of good topsoil and loam.If your site has poor drainage or you live in an area that experiences heavy rain, your rock garden should be built onto a base of small stones and broken-up bricks.If you want a solid surface, use flat slabs of rock that are of the same type and color as the existing ones.A rockery is an artificial creation independent of the rest of the garden, with the best bagged compost you can find, added to suit the needs of the plants you want to grow.Slope the bottom of the hole away from the center of the proposed site and fill it with coarse hardcore before starting to build your rockery — this should ensure good drainage.These are mainly small plants indigenous to the colder parts of the world, where they grow between the tree and snow lines in mountainous regions.Slugs are night-time feeders that hide during the day under rotting leaves and in other cool, moist places.Slugs do not travel long distances in order to feed, and if you deprive them of day-time shelter, you’ll see a lot fewer of them in your rock garden.If you don’t want to use any chemical controls, then you could try putting empty plastic seed trays or the half skins of grapefruit upside down on the soil near vulnerable plants.They can then be removed and destroyed — or let loose on waste ground where they present no threat to rock garden plants.Usually, a rockery is very free-draining, but if the underlying base is badly drained or the soil in the various pockets is very heavy (contains a great deal of clay), you might have drainage problems.To correct poor drainage, you should dig plenty of coarse, sandy compost into the pockets. .

How to Build a Dry Creek Bed

If you have a slope or low spot on your property where excess water flows or collects, you can correct the problem naturally with a dry creek bed.In many cases, a dry creek bed is not something you need a permit for, but it's very important to plan the drainage path carefully to direct excess water to an appropriate location.In most areas, it is illegal to send drainage water into the street because it stresses storm sewer systems and can wash lawn treatments and other contaminants into local waterways.. .

How to Make a Rock Garden

Before getting started, you’ll want to figure out how you plan to use your rock garden.Or perhaps you only want a rock garden to add aesthetic value to your lawn, and it doesn’t need to take up space.But if you have a small space, a raised rock garden bed creates beautiful layers of rocks while saving room.We’re here to help you build the basics, but how will you design around the space?Want to save water and make your rock garden even more low-maintenance?With xeriscaping, you would need to design your rock garden so that it requires little or no water beyond what it would naturally receive from the climate.Calming water features.Rocks.Plants.The right plants can help accentuate the rocks in your garden, including flower beds, alpine plants, shrubs, and succulents.Since rock gardens are low-maintenance and don’t require lots of watering (that’s why you’re making one, right?), you’ll want to choose drought-tolerant plants.While designing your rock garden, you may want to use a garden hose to outline your rock garden’s shape.A wheelbarrow will help you with the heavy lifting and help you transport bags of mulch and small stones.Unless you plan to remove the grass by hand, you’ll need to lay down newspaper over the grass where you wish to build your rock garden.You’ll want something to keep the wind and rain from knocking your small pebbles or mulch out of place.You may decide to add an ornamental feature to create a focal point and attract attention.Mulch (optional).It helps control any sprouting weeds, enriches the soil (if organic), adds texture, and makes your rocks and plants pop.Adding landscape fabric or black plastic tarp to your garden before laying down any small stone mulches (like beach pebbles, lava rock, or pea gravel) will make removing these mulches much easier.Want to build it in the backyard to create a cozy space to sit and relax, or do you want it front and center as the neighborhood’s best rock garden?Keep in mind that large spaces are more suitable for sprawling rock gardens, while small yards work well with raised rock garden beds that help save space.Once you know where you’ll be building your garden, you’re ready for the next step.Create your design plan.Before picking out your plants, stones, and other rock garden features, you need a design plan.Your plan should also include color schemes, desired textures, and measurements of the space.If you need inspiration for your rock garden design, you can find plenty of design ideas online to help get the creative juices flowing.If you’re working with a smaller space and want to build a raised rock garden bed, lay rocks down in a circle or other preferred garden bed shape.Soil time.Build the second layer.The second layer typically features smaller rocks than the first and can be among the best ways to feature your favorite stones.For more texture and room for plants, make sure to leave enough space between the two circles (or shapes) to grow plants inside this area and enough plant room within your second circle.This extra visible soil creates plenty of layers for your plants and gives you more space for gardening.Place your plants.When placing them in the soil, consider elements like color, texture, size, and height.Do the small plants look better on the first or second layers?You likely answered many of these questions in your design plan, but sometimes design plans change when we finally see how the plants look in the rock garden.So, grab that trowel, lay down that landscape fabric or tarp, and place those plants.If you’re concerned about snakes slithering into your rock garden, the extension recommends landscaping with smaller, tight-fitting rocks and avoiding water gardens and koi ponds.You may find building a rock garden requires some budgeting.Rocks can be massive, and you’ll likely need help bringing them onto your front yard and arranging them in just the right place.When landscaping with rocks, especially small decorative stones, you’ll want to consider how deep your layers should be.For instance, if you’re going to add a layer of beach pebbles to your rock garden, you don’t want to spread them too thin, but you also don’t want to create poor drainage by having too many.Rock hunting in your yard is also an excellent solution to finding small stones and pebbles for free. .

Building a Rock Garden

It was an ambition hidden within a long horticultural to-do list, crowded out by clamour for showier buxom blooms.First port of call was the excellent Alpine Gardening for Beginners by John Good.His book sets out the so-called “rules” of alpine garden construction: Choose an open site away from overhanging trees and buildings Pick a site with attractive natural background Make sure the soil is free from perennial weeds and tree roots Provide satisfactory drainage You’re trying to recreate the conditions of being up a mountain, above the tree line, where air flows freely and high light levels prevail.My hope was to design the area to draw the eye to plant and rock, not the obviously man-made context of steps and wall.I’ve always been flummoxed as to how best to plant the beds either side of the steps for a year-round display and have found the slope problematic.I tenaciously removed the ground elder that had crept into this bed, moved all existing plants and took out the stump of a long-since deceased tree.They sold bags of small quarry stones for rock garden construction but also large pieces of Purbeck limestone.This limestone is slightly honey coloured compared to my steps, but the merchant assured me that this would grey with time.I’d read that placing the large stones first as “keystones” was a good approach and this definitely made sense to me.We started at the bottom of the slope with two large stones either side of the steps to ground the rockery and give it weight at the base.I stood back, looked at the rock garden from the ground floor of the house, from upstairs, from the bottom of the steps and from the top.I used them to try to connect the larger stones visually and to provide interesting nooks and crannies for planting.Preparing the Rock Garden Soil At this point winter hit, a very wet one indeed.The soil was still claggy at the point but over time started drying out and could be raked to a fine tilth.Planting the Rock Garden I’ve been collecting alpines for a couple of years for this rockery.These, together with dwarf conifers from my local garden centre and mail-order purchases from alpine nurseries during the Covid-19 lockdown have been planted in my new rockery. .

How to Build a Rain Garden in Your Yard (DIY)

If you worry about a wet or damp basement, a busy sump pump, or muddy puddles in your yard after a heavy rainfall, this story is for you.If there’s an especially heavy rainfall, excess water may overflow the rain garden and run into the storm sewer system.A rain garden also reduces the amount of lawn chemicals and pet wastes that may otherwise run off into local lakes and rivers.In some communities, the runoff problem is so big that homes with rain gardens qualify for a tax break! .

Everything you need to know about building a rock garden

If you add rocks to your garden, incorporating them in the design and have them featured prominently among your foliage; you have a rock garden.Can you place a few small stones in your front yard to cover some patchy grass and call it a rock garden, or is there more of a method to this than meets the eye?This Zen garden of rocks utilize an assortment of various stone, very small plants, water features, moss, sand, and small stones.These Zen gardens were designed to create and elicit the spirit of nature.You can choose to make your stone garden however you want, make your own arrangement of rocks, and use the type and style of rocks and other accessories as you want.However, it is a good idea to get tips on how to prepare a base or and place your rocks for your rock garden.When you have a large space available the goal is usually to create a sprawling and natural looking rock gardens.However, with small spaces, you can opt to create raised flower beds of rocks with well selected small rocks.By choosing a design like a raised rock garden bed you can easily fit in small spaces and crevices that you have in your garden.In the case of the red sandstone, you will need some plants that will work with the color scheme.There are some basic tools you will require once you have decided on building your rock garden.Plants.Stones.The first step to building your stone garden is to make some space for it within your lawn or yard.A good idea is to plan out exactly what you want to with your land and area.That way you will have a good idea of what the stone garden should look like.If you already have your stones and rocks or at least some basic ones to start with you can lay down the first layer of stones and soil.Secondly, the first layer will be less visible, so it is a good idea to use the more unattractive rocks and then showcase the more attractive rocks in the second layer.Now that you have the first layer of rocks in place, you need to add in the soil to fill it up.Generally, for rock gardens, plants that require a type of soil that provides good drainage are used.Shovel the soil into the circle or bed created by the rocks.Once the soil is filled in the bed, it is a good idea to walk on the soil to help settle it and pack it down.As well as the area within the second circle should be wide enough for a small plant to be planted there.There are several things to consider when trying to choose the right plants for your rock garden.It is a good idea to look for plants and foliage that you can use in your rock garden that like good drainage.Aside from drainage, there are some other things to consider, such as how much sunlight the plants require, and how much they need to be watered. .

How to Use Landscaping to Deal with Storm Water

Since these yard drainage ideas allow storm water to sink into the soil gradually, they help reduce flooding.Plus, they allow pollution, including oily residue from cars, to filter out naturally, so it doesn't wind up in lakes or streams.Swales are depressions that follow the contour around the base of a slope (natural or created), channeling storm water from one place to another.Along the sides, she uses evergreen ferns, sedges, winterberry, grasses, and Siberian and Louisiana irises that thrive in moist conditions.Consult a landscape contractor or a civil engineer if you live near a bluff, have a septic tank nearby, or are on a slope that drops more than 1 foot over a horizontal distance of 20 feet.A swale should carry water to a place where it can be released safely, such as a garden bed with good drainage or a buried dry well; allowing it to be absorbed on-site, rather than flow into a storm drain, is important for protecting natural waterways.If the swale itself can't be made big enough to handle all the water, consider excavating another 6 to 8 inches, lining the trench with filter fabric, laying perforated pipe, then covering it with round ¾-inch gravel.Shallow catch basins planted as flower beds, rain gardens allow water to pool during a downpour, then slowly percolate into the soil.Rain gardens are appropriate drainage spots for steeper slopes than swales can handle, but where the surface drops more than 3 feet over a 15-foot horizontal distance, you should get professional design help.Make sure machinery stays along the edge of the bed so it doesn't compact the soil as it digs a wide ­depression about 2 feet deep with gently sloping sides.The end result should be a shallow basin with about 6 inches of “ponding depth,” or space for water to pool while it drains through 1 to 2 feet of amended soil.This keeps the top surface dry, eliminates runoff, and lets water in the gravel layers gradually sink into the soil.The base can be tamped with a plate compactor, which you can rent; the material is simply rolled out and pinned down along the edges; and spaces are filled with decorative gravel or sand, plus grass seed, if you like.As more communities limit the amount of impervious surfaces (rooftops, conventional hardscape) allowed on residential lots, interest in pervious paving has skyrocketed.In those cases, pervious paving is not only an attractive way to deal with runoff, it's a double-duty enhancement, one that lets you keep on improving your home while you safeguard its natural environment.Shown: Some concrete pavers have larger spaces to hold sand and turf grass, which absorb some storm water near the surface. .

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