How Deep Does An Elevated Garden Need To Be

How Deep Does An Elevated Garden Need To Be

Mulches are also ‘top-dressed’ throughout the growing season, and gradually decompose into the top layer of soil adding additional nutrients.Taproots will travel deeper into the soil if nutrients and water are available, and this also brings more trace minerals to the plant.Large-leafed, shallow-rooted plants such as broccoli, Brussels sprouts and cauliflower will still require staking to ensure they stay upright as they grow to maturity.Knowing the average root depth for your garden vegetables will help you decide where to plant each crop and how deeply to prepare your soil.For example, in our garden we may plant shallow rooted crops like lettuce in beds where the subsoil has more clay and does not drain well.Deeper soil provides additional nutrients and trace minerals, which further facilitate plant growth

How To Build A Garden Border With Wood

How To Build A Garden Border With Wood

A wooden raised bed is a classic choice in the garden, relatively inexpensive, and easy to get started with.Untreated cedar, fir, and pine are common choices for wood raised beds.Keep in mind that the lengths of boards can be adjusted based on your desired bed size.Make sure to use untreated lumber if you are building the raised bed for vegetables.Try to use sustainably sourced, local or regionally produced woods to be more ecologically friendly.To help your wood raised bed have a longer life in th garden, apply a coating of raw linseed oil or tung oil to the inside bed walls to help water-proof untreated wood.Water sealants and latex paints are also okay to use, but be sure to research what chemicals are used in them to be sure they are safe for edibles.Leveling the ground first makes it easier to build your raised bed and keeps it in good shape longer because there’s less stress on the wood.It’s easiest to simply set your anchor posts on top of the soil with the frame; sinking them in the ground isn’t necessary.Now that your bed frame is in place, repeat step 3 two more times, stacking the 2×8s vertically.Soil may settle the first season, so water it in thoroughly and give it a couple weeks before planting if you can, then top off if you need to.deck screws to reinforce the corner seams and keep them from popping open or developing a crack where soil can escape

How To Make A Rock Garden For Drainage

How To Make A Rock Garden For Drainage

" " To give your rock garden a proper foundation, first dig out a plot so that you can put down a drainage layer.Even if you have the ideal natural slope for building a rock garden, experts advise taking the time to dig up the area to put in a proper foundation.Dig down at least 1 foot (30.48 centimeters), and get ­rid of all remaining weeds and roots (which may require some heavy-duty weed-killer) [source: Hessayon].Experts recommend digging down about three feet (91.44 centimeters) for a raised bed [source: Ward].Another option for planting a rock garden on flat land is to pile up your own mound, known as a berm.You can plant those near the bottom of the berm's slope and the ones that require less water near the top of the mound [source: McGary].(Note: This step may not be necessary if you're building on a slope with light, dry, nonclumpy soil, but it couldn't hurt.)

How To Install River Rock Garden

How To Install River Rock Garden

River rock, featuring 50 shades of grays, beiges, and browns, can transform your home landscape into a natural beauty.Here are just some of the ways: Spread river rock as mulch in your gardens, fill in the crevices between your flagstones, or create a charming walking path for attractive curb appeal.River rocks can be found on beaches, in stream beds, and riverbeds, and appear in a wide range of shapes and colors.From controlling erosion, to adding texture to a walking path, to serving as mulch for your xeriscape, water-polished stones will do wonders for your landscape.The result: Your succulents will pop right out of the garden (visually) with contrasting river rocks as a ground cover.The result: The crunchy, clacking sounds as you walk on the rocks will delight your ears, and the path’s texture will please the eyes.To add extra glow, lay down garden paths or edges with white river rocks.Because rounded river rock does not fit snugly together to create a compact surface (like machine crushed gravel), water can easily pass through these small stones and into the ground.Surfaces made of pavers, concrete, or asphalt are impervious, meaning they don’t allow water to drain into the ground underneath.If erosion has been a struggle in your landscape, river rocks are an excellent tool to keep your soil and plants in place in areas with heavy runoff or on a steep hill.The result: A small pile of river rocks beneath the drain can put a stop to the water from your downspouts creating eroded areas.River rock mulch helps prevent erosion and offers various colors and sizes to make those plants stand out in the landscape.Edging accentuates your flower beds and gardens by creating a definitive border, and it helps to prevent erosion.The result: Edging with river rocks can keep mulch from spilling out of garden beds after heavy rain or wind.If your flagstone path is looking a little shabby with sprouting weeds and loose dirt, fill the gaps and crevices with small river rock.If your landscape boasts a shallow pond or graceful water fountain, add river rock at the bottom for a calming, natural effect.For a rustic outdoor space, install river rock as a ground cover around your fire pit.The result: The river rock and firepit will make your backyard feel like a campground getaway, and you’ll love how the small stones accent your fire pit’s hardscape features.Your poolscape makes just as strong an impression as your landscape — spruce up the aging patio and surrounding greenery with various river rock ground covers.The result: Retaining walls help prevent erosion, make landscaping on hilly terrain more manageable, and support raised garden beds.Carefully placed river rocks can make cute stepping stones leading to the butterfly garden, the front door, or the she shed.The result: River rocks serve as stepping stones and placing them can be a fun, simple project for backyard landscaping.Whether you’re spreading river rock as a mulch, pathway, or drainage system, follow the guidelines for your specific landscape project.Many river rock landscape ideas are easy DIY projects, while others may require a professional for installation.In some cases, you may want to use landscape fabric beneath the rocks to control weeds and prevent the stones from embedding in the soil

How To Build A 20x20 Concrete Slab

How To Build A 20x20 Concrete Slab

Barndominiums often sit on concrete slab foundations due to the increased strength and lower costs.The estimates are based on the average cost of $4 to $8 per square foot for a concrete slab.Here is a closer look at the average cost of pouring a concrete slab for a barndominium.The cost of pouring a concrete slab may vary depending on the thickness and features you choose.Adding a 20×20 (400 square feet) foundation is not the most expensive part of building a barndominium.The edges of the concrete slab can also be thickened to increase the strength of the foundation.Two common recommendations for a barndominium foundation include a vapor barrier and wire mesh reinforcement.The vapor barrier increases protection against condensation and moisture.It costs close to $0.50 per square foot to add a vapor barrier.You may also choose to add some of the extra features discussed above, such as the vapor barrier, thicker edges, and wire mesh

How To Keep Garden Hose Tidy

How To Keep Garden Hose Tidy

Properly storing your hose is one of the easiest ways to ensure you get the longest possible lifetime out of it.For avid gardeners who have invested in a high-quality, high-performance hose, storage is particularly important to make sure your purchase delivers the results that it promised (and you don’t have to spend money on a new one if it doesn’t).The great news is that storing your hose is far easier than you might think; you might even have the perfect storage vessel sitting around your house.The cart hose reel is more expensive than stationary because of the additional equipment needed (wheels).However, the added functionality is portability, which is helpful for gardens with a large surface area.We recommend purchasing universal leader hoses in order to avoid having to worry about incompatible couplings.Using household or junkyard items, you can easily create the perfect form to wind your hose around.Bonus points for this method because the inside of the pail acts as a storage unit for gardening tools.Note that if your pail doesn’t have a lid, we suggest moving it under cover when the hose is not in use.Proper storage is one of the best ways to make sure your hose maintains its health for a long time.Keep in mind that storage recommendations differ as winter rolls around, and adjustments will likely need to be made

How To Make Garden Stones White Again

How To Make Garden Stones White Again

Footpaths, for example, are more likely to see dirt due to foot traffic, and gravel that is less exposed to sunlight or used near water features will develop algae on the surface much quicker.However, dirt, algae and dust can be easily washed away from any gravel colour – all you need is a high pressure garden hose.The elegant, white tones of Polar White Marble Gravel provide the perfect accent colour to contrast against darker shades of slate, brickwork or planting schemes, however they look equally stunning on their own when used for driveways, pathways, patios or decorative borders.However, lighter coloured garden stone is also more likely to temporarily lose some of its beautifully natural bright sheen to dirt.Here is our simple but effective five step process for restoring small white garden stones to their naturally bright hue.Step 2 – Pour 50 ml of bleach into a large bucket and mix with approximately 20 litres of water.If you suspect it might rain, cover the wheelbarrow with an extra tarp sheet to prevent the cleaning solution from becoming more diluted.Boiling water is a very popular household method of removing weeds as no harmful chemicals are introduced to your garden, plants or potential wildlife.For larger areas, however, we would recommend a different method as carrying the kettle back and forth from your garden may be rather labour intensive!Remember, garden gravel is incredibly easy to maintain – all it requires is an occasional sweep, clean and weeding.To maintain these gravelled areas, simply pick up any loose leaves you see on your garden stone during a stroll.If your garden has a wooded area with lots of plants or trees, this is an excellent spot to place all the fallen leaves.Gravel surfaces that have seen a lot of foot traffic, such as pathways, may be more difficult to tidy as the stones will mix more often with loose debris such as twigs and mud

How To Stone Front Garden

How To Stone Front Garden

The owners are a professional and a Japanese garden designer.Dark, almost black, stained quarter-sawn oak cabinetry contrasts light walls and flooring on the interior of the house

How To Make A Little Zen Garden

How To Make A Little Zen Garden

These special areas were originally created in Japan to assist Zen Buddhist monks with daily meditation and introspection.Monks raked the sand every day to maintain its distinct pattern and discourage vegetation growth.Many people like to keep tabletop zen gardens on their work desks to take a mindfulness break during the day while others like to display them in living areas to give guests a tranquil activity to do.Raking patterns in the sand and rearranging rocks helps increase mindfulness, making mini zen gardens a great activity to unwind during times of stress and doubt, or even periods of success.To help you get started, we’ve put together all of the info you’ll need to create your own mini zen garden.Our guide includes an in-depth materials list, detailed steps and some styling ideas so you can draw inspiration for your own DIY zen garden.Before we dive into the materials you’ll need, let’s take a look at the symbolism of traditional zen garden elements to better understand their importance.This is because traditional zen gardens don’t include plants or water features in order to achieve abstraction and promote feelings of tranquility and calm.In other words, distracting neon-colored sand and bright LED lights may not be the best things to add if you want to maintain your garden’s tranquility.Other alternatives include mini back scratchers, skewers, toothpicks and forks depending on the look you’re trying to achieve.A glass container is great for an elegant approach to the traditional zen garden while a wood box takes a more natural route.Plants that thrive in zen gardens include foliage that spreads on the ground and keeps a low profile.Check your specific plant’s care guidelines to make sure they can thrive in a zen garden setting.Add a few drops of your favorite essential oils if you want an aromatic mini zen garden.Decorative trinkets are great for personalization, especially if you’re giving this as a gift, but don’t go overboard and overshadow your garden with towering pieces.Plants aren’t a part of traditional zen gardens, but they are a great way to bring in other elements of nature.If you’re giving this as a gift, you can get sand in the recipient’s favorite color or include meaningful stones and accessories in the garden

How To Build Zen Garden

How To Build Zen Garden

Making a Zen garden is one way to create a meditative space in the yard.While some gardeners exploit color theory, taking advantage of the calming effect of "cool" colors, such as blue and lavender, you can achieve the same purpose with a more elaborate design for enjoying serenity in the backyard.Zen gardens may look simple (which is part of their appeal), but they're a lot of work—both to make and to maintain.Developed by Buddhist monks in ancient Japan (with some Chinese influence), Zen gardens are often dubbed "miniature landscapes" because their components symbolize aspects of nature.Most notably, the expanse of white gravel (which is easier to work with than sand) raked to have ripples represents ocean waves, and the tall, narrow boulders jutting out vertically represent mountains.Meanwhile, the shorter, more rounded rocks or the flat ones in the "sea of sand" represent islands.Plants, too, are part of nature and therefore have a place in the design, although their use is restrained by Western standards.In fact, shrub topiaries can be pruned in such a way that they represent islands (instead of using rocks for this purpose).Because of their stark, artistic quality, they're quite abstract when compared to, say, English cottage gardens.Their symbolic use of raked gravel to represent water leads to the characterization of being "dry landscapes.".Since Zen garden design evolved over the course of centuries, it's pointless to try to ascertain a single "authentic" set of components for it.Select a flat area in your backyard, and mark out a rectangular portion of it.If you'll be growing plants in your Zen garden, their sunlight requirements factor into your site selection, so decide ahead of time whether you will be growing sun-loving or shade-loving plants and locate your meditative space accordingly.For most homeowners, building a masonry wall for a meditative space in the backyard is either undesirable or unaffordable

Where Can I Buy Big Rocks For My Garden

Where Can I Buy Big Rocks For My Garden

When homeowners' dive into their yard work in the spring, lots of good stuff gets hauled to the curb – including rocks

Is Frogmore Gardens Open To The Public

Is Frogmore Gardens Open To The Public

Consecrated on 23 October 1928 by the Bishop of Oxford, it is adjacent to the Royal Mausoleum, which was built in 1862 to house the tomb of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.The burial ground lies on the Frogmore estate within the Home Park at Windsor, in the English county of Berkshire.The burial ground was established because the Royal Vault under St George’s Chapel was becoming full; by 1928, there had been 23 interments since 1810.[2] King George V allowed the burial ground to be made with the intention that in the future, only British sovereigns and those in the direct line of succession would be buried in the Royal Vault.Frogmore House and its gardens are usually open to the public on about six days each year, usually around Easter and the August Bank Holiday.The Royal Mausoleum, the resting place of Queen Victoria and her husband/consort Prince Albert, is structurally unsound and has been closed to the public since 2007

How To Make Big Zen Garden

How To Make Big Zen Garden

Making a Zen garden is one way to create a meditative space in the yard.While some gardeners exploit color theory, taking advantage of the calming effect of "cool" colors, such as blue and lavender, you can achieve the same purpose with a more elaborate design for enjoying serenity in the backyard.Zen gardens may look simple (which is part of their appeal), but they're a lot of work—both to make and to maintain.Developed by Buddhist monks in ancient Japan (with some Chinese influence), Zen gardens are often dubbed "miniature landscapes" because their components symbolize aspects of nature.Most notably, the expanse of white gravel (which is easier to work with than sand) raked to have ripples represents ocean waves, and the tall, narrow boulders jutting out vertically represent mountains.Meanwhile, the shorter, more rounded rocks or the flat ones in the "sea of sand" represent islands.Plants, too, are part of nature and therefore have a place in the design, although their use is restrained by Western standards.In fact, shrub topiaries can be pruned in such a way that they represent islands (instead of using rocks for this purpose).Because of their stark, artistic quality, they're quite abstract when compared to, say, English cottage gardens.Their symbolic use of raked gravel to represent water leads to the characterization of being "dry landscapes.".Since Zen garden design evolved over the course of centuries, it's pointless to try to ascertain a single "authentic" set of components for it.Select a flat area in your backyard, and mark out a rectangular portion of it.If you'll be growing plants in your Zen garden, their sunlight requirements factor into your site selection, so decide ahead of time whether you will be growing sun-loving or shade-loving plants and locate your meditative space accordingly.For most homeowners, building a masonry wall for a meditative space in the backyard is either undesirable or unaffordable

How To Create Rock Garden

How To Create Rock Garden

You can use up most of your largest, least attractive rocks in this bottom layer, but it does not require stones larger than about 12 inches in any dimension.In any case, the second course should provide plenty of room for planting between the bed perimeter and the second-course stones as well as in any additional spaces created by the second course.Also, confirm that the plants have similar watering requirements and are suitable for the amount of sunlight the garden receives.Finally, seek variation in plant height and leaf texture for maximum visual impact and interest

What's Zen Garden

What's Zen Garden

Kato said there are three principles common across Japanese gardens: stones, water and plants.For example, design principles of Japanese gardens include asymmetry and grouping plants in clusters of threes, fives or sevens.Pogue said zen gardens are typically small and enclosed, and they’re created with natural materials.The specific type of gravel, plants and rocks you add to your zen garden depends on where you live, according to Grzybek.Other plants include Japanese pieris, boxwoods, azaleas and camelia, in addition to moss and bamboo.Pogue said the color palette of the garden is monochromatic, but plants add texture, especially as they bloom throughout the year.While zen gardens are low maintenance, Pogue said one of the ways you’ll have to care for it is by removing weeds that peek through the gravel.To prevent weeds from growing, lay down landscape fabric before adding gravel to your zen garden.The landscape fabric acts as a weed barrier between the earth and gravel, and you can cut it to fit around plants and into the shape of your choosing.In our guide to gardening tools, experts recommended using a round head shovel specifically to dig large holes and move soil.In a zen garden, Pogue said most plants are pruned in uniform rounded shapes, which helps create the feelings of stillness and calmness.This hand pruner has 6.5-inch blades that stay sharp over time and help you achieve precise cuts when tending to plants like shrubs and small trees.This hose comes in four length options — 25, 50, 75 and 100 feet — and its nozzle offers 10 different spray patterns, including shower

Best Mulch For Rock Garden

Best Mulch For Rock Garden

Bark mulch comes from a variety of trees, from cypress and cedar to pine, hemlock and oak.The added color helps it stay nice and dark longer, without fading as quickly.It’s available in a wide variety of sizes, colors, textures and shapes, from porous, lightweight red or black lava rock to pretty, smooth quartz gravel mulch in purple or pink.If you have drainage issues on your property, rock is a great mulch choice, allowing water to drain quickly.If you have open bed areas without plants, rock is an easy, no maintenance option.Some Level Green customers replace it twice a year, in spring and fall, to ensure it always looks fresh.A bed of rocks with crisp, square corners punctuated with contemporary ornamental grasses creates a clean, modern feel.But if you love the look of curvy beds filled with colorful drifts of annuals and perennials, bark mulch is your top pick.But remember, it doesn’t break down and disappear into the soil like bark mulch does.Mulch made from organic material like bark or wood chips decays over time, crumbling into nutritious bits that actually feed your soil.Flowers don’t thrive in beds mulched with rocks, but sturdy, drought-tolerant plants like succulents do well.We can size up your property’s unique needs and recommend the perfect mulch for your planting beds.If you’re not already a Level Green Landscaping client, we’d love to add you to our growing list of happy customers.Our focus is on commercial properties like offices, mixed-use sites, HOAs, municipalities and institutions in Maryland, Washington DC and parts of Virginia

How To Prepare Soil For Gravel

How To Prepare Soil For Gravel

Project details Skill 1 out of 5 Easy Digging, tamping, and hauling heavy stone products are the hardest parts.What's the point of a well-maintained yard if trying to get around it means trampling the marigolds and leaving your paw prints in the perfectly clipped lawn?Sure, you could spend several days and many dollars putting in a walkway made of cobbles or bluestone, but a simple gravel trail won't break your back—or your budget.An afternoon to get it down (as demonstrated here by This Old House technical editor Mark Powers), and you'll soon have a natural-looking, foliage-free way to walk through your perfect landscape."You can make a twisty, curvy, organic walk," says Roger Cook, This Old House landscape contractor.Start by marking the location and shape of your path with a garden hose, length of rope or spray paint.Next, smooth the bottom of the trench with a steel rake, then compact the soil with a hand tamper.Tip: When digging, place the excavated soil onto a tarp to make it easier to remove.Roll out a layer of landscape fabric over the compacted stone pack, shiny side up.Tip: Use spikes or pins to hold the fabric taut so it won't bunch up through the finish layer of gravel.Make a template (spreader bar) to hold the two parallel lengths of edging lined up at an even 3-foot distance apart: Take a scrap of 2x3 and cut into it two grooves spaced 3 feet apart.As you hammer the edging into the ground, using a scrap-wood tapping block, check to make sure it's going in perfectly straight, and not leaning into the trench.Also, never hammer directly onto the steel edging, as this may damage its protective zinc-galvanized coating and lead to rusting

How To Build A Rock Garden On A Slope

How To Build A Rock Garden On A Slope

Sunny slopes are ideal for creating a rock garden, as the slope's natural incline automatically provides good drainage.Once all unwanted vegetation is disposed of, do a soil test to determine the soil type and therefore how well it drains.Check each hole after 24 hours; if water is still in the holes, the soil does not drain well

Rock Garden Is Open Now

Rock Garden Is Open Now

The Rock Garden of Chandigarh.Chandigarh (U.T.).The Rock Garden is open daily.Train from New Delhi to Chandigarh The Shatabdi Express runs two or three times daily from New Delhi to Chandigarh.The Rock Garden is situated in the north of Chandigarh, Sector 1, and is known by everyone in the city

How To Lay Rock Garden Edging

How To Lay Rock Garden Edging

River rock is a natural way to provide the illusion of water in a garden setting without the water itself.The variety of river rock sizes commonly available will provide you with multiple options for your landscape.Use a length of garden hose to create the desired shape.Consider the size of the river rock you want to use, such as smaller pebbles that are 2 to 4 inches; cobbles, which are about 6 inches long; or larger river rock up to 10 inches or more.Follow the paint outline along the garden edge and remove 2 to 3 inches of soil to create the trench.4 Cut landscape fabric to fit the width of the trench you created

What Are Zen Garden For

What Are Zen Garden For

Ryōan-ji (late 16th century) in Kyoto , Japan, a famous example of a zen garden.The Japanese dry garden (枯山水, karesansui) or Japanese rock garden, often called a zen garden, is a distinctive style of Japanese garden.It creates a miniature stylized landscape through carefully composed arrangements of rocks, water features, moss, pruned trees and bushes, and uses gravel or sand that is raked to represent ripples in water.Classical zen gardens were created at temples of Zen Buddhism in Kyoto during the Muromachi period.Early Japanese rock gardens [ edit ].Stone gardens existed in Japan at least since the Heian period (794–1185)."In a place where there is neither a lake or a stream, one can put in place what is called a kare-sansui, or dry landscape".White sand and gravel had long been a feature of Japanese gardens.The gardens of the early zen temples in Japan resembled Chinese gardens of the time, with lakes and islands.But in Kyoto in the 14th and 15th century, a new kind of garden appeared at the important zen temples."Nature, if you made it expressive by reducing it to its abstract forms, could transmit the most profound thoughts by its simple presence", Michel Baridon wrote.The upper garden is a dry rock garden which features three rock "islands".Muso Kokushi built another temple garden at Tenryū-ji, the "Temple of the Celestial Dragon".The garden at Tenryū-ji has a real pond with water and a dry waterfall of rocks looking like a Chinese landscape.Saihō-ji and Tenryū-ji show the transition from the Heian style garden toward a more abstract and stylized view of nature.This temple garden included a traditional pond garden, but it had a new feature for a Japanese garden; an area of raked white gravel with a perfectly shaped mountain of white gravel, resembling Mount Fuji, in the center.The most famous of all zen gardens in Kyoto is Ryōan-ji, built in the late 15th century where for the first time the zen garden became purely abstract.[9] Placed within it are fifteen stones of different sizes, carefully composed in five groups; one group of five stones, two groups of three, and two groups of two stones.The only vegetation in the garden is some moss around the stones.There a "river" of white gravel represents a metaphorical journey through life; beginning with a dry waterfall in the mountains, passing through rapids and rocks, and ending in a tranquil sea of white gravel, with two gravel mountains.Michel Baridon wrote, "The famous zen gardens of the Muromachi period showed that Japan had carried the art of gardens to the highest degree of intellectual refinement that it was possible to attain.Saihō-ji The Moss Garden, an early zen garden from the mid-14th century.Part of the garden at Ryōan-ji (late 15th century), the most abstract of all Japanese zen gardens.The white gravel "ocean" of the garden of Daisen-ji, to which the gravel river flows.Later rock gardens [ edit ].During the Edo period, the large promenade garden became the dominant style of Japanese garden, but zen gardens continued to exist at zen temples.A few small new rock gardens were built, usually as part of a garden where a real stream or pond was not practical.He made one garden with five artificial hills covered with grass, symbolizing the five great ancient temples of Kyoto; a modern rock garden, with vertical rocks, symbolizing Mount Horai; a large "sea" of white gravel raked in a checkboard pattern; and an intimate garden with swirling sand patterns.In the last century, zen gardens have appeared in many countries outside Japan.Selection and arrangement of rocks [ edit ].Stone arrangements and other miniature elements are used to represent mountains and natural water elements and scenes, islands, rivers and waterfalls.The selection and placement of rocks is the most important part of making a Japanese rock garden.If there are "running away" stones there must be "chasing" stones.If there are "leaning" stones, there must be "supporting" stones.Other basic combinations are a tall vertical rock with a reclining rock; a short vertical rock and a flat rock; and a triad of a tall vertical rock, a reclining rock and a flat rock.Gravel [ edit ].[16] Gravel is used in the entrance, main garden, and corridor area and takes four forms, spread gravel, gravel terrace, gravel pile, and garden path.Among the gardens which used Shirakawa-suna have been Ryōan-ji and Daitoku-ji.Garden historian Gunter Nitschke wrote: "The garden at Ryōan-ji does not symbolize anything, or more precisely, to avoid any misunderstanding, the garden of Ryōan-ji does not symbolize, nor does it have the value of reproducing a natural beauty that one can find in the real or mythical world.Landscape painting and the Zen garden critique [ edit ].Chinese landscape painting was one of the many Chinese arts that came to Japan with Zen Buddhism in the fourteenth century.That the Buddhism of Zen influenced garden design was first suggested not in Japan, but in the West by a Hawaiian garden journalist Loraine Kuck in the 1930s and disputed as such by a scholar of Japanese garden history, Wybe Kuitert in 1988.Secondary writers on the Japanese garden like Keane and Nitschke, who were associating with Kuitert when he was working on his research at the Kyoto University joined the Zen garden critique, like Kendall H

Is Rock Garden Ranchi Open Today

Is Rock Garden Ranchi Open Today

Rock Garden, Ranchi.If you want to enjoy the beautiful scenery and have a serene time away from the city crowd, Rock garden is a perfect destination.More about Ranchi.How to Reach Rock Garden

How To Plant Bulbs In Your Garden

How To Plant Bulbs In Your Garden

Tulips and other bulbs look their best when massed.Replace bulb groupings with annual flowers in summer.Spring bulbs are among the earliest flowers to bloom in the New Year.This gives the planted bulbs time to put down roots, before the ground freezes.Either way, you will have to wait until late winter to early spring before you see young shoots emerging.Some gardeners find it difficult to incorporate bulbs into their landscape because once their early-season flowers fade, spring bulbs die back and become dormant through summer, fall, and winter until a new cycle begins again.Here spring bulbs are planted between (interplanted) perennials, which can be seen just emerging among the blooming tulips and grape hyacinths.Tag-team them with annual flowers out front.When snowdrops, daffodils, crocuses, hyacinths, tulips, and most spring bulbs put on their display in the garden, most perennial flowers are just starting to leaf out.Daffodils can be inserted into groundcover for a new element of spring color.Insert bulbs into groundcovers.Plant bulbs in pots in fall to give this result the following spring.In cold regions, an option is to plant the pots in fall and store them in an unheated garage or shed over winter.Then replant the containers with summer annuals.Many trees have rings of bare mulch around them, either where the tree roots killed the grass, or gardeners removed that competition intentionally.Set a few pots of shade annuals under the trees, or plant annuals that tolerate dry shade and root competition, such as begonias, coleus, or nasturtium

How To Build A Mtb Rock Garden

How To Build A Mtb Rock Garden

Building A ROCK GARDEN SKINNY In My Backyard MTB Trial: Walnut Springs Gets Some Chunky Fun

What Sand Is Used In Zen Gardens

What Sand Is Used In Zen Gardens

It creates a miniature stylized landscape through carefully composed arrangements of rocks, water features, moss, pruned trees and bushes, and uses gravel or sand that is raked to represent ripples in water.[1] A zen garden is usually relatively small, surrounded by a wall or buildings, and is usually meant to be seen while seated from a single viewpoint outside the garden, such as the porch of the hojo, the residence of the chief monk of the temple or monastery.They were intended to imitate the essence of nature, not its actual appearance, and to serve as an aid to meditation about the true meaning of existence.They adapted the Chinese garden philosophy of the Song Dynasty (960–1279), where groups of rocks symbolized Mount Penglai, the legendary mountain-island home of the Eight Immortals in Chinese mythology, known in Japanese as Horai.This kind of garden featured either rocks placed upright like mountains, or laid out in a miniature landscape of hills and ravines, with few plants.The ocean style featured rocks that appeared to have been eroded by waves, surrounded by a bank of white sand, like a beach.White sand and gravel had long been a feature of Japanese gardens.In the Shinto religion, it was used to symbolize purity, and was used around shrines, temples, and palaces.In zen gardens, it represents water, or, like the white space in Japanese paintings, emptiness and distance.The Muromachi period in Japan, which took place at roughly the same time as the Renaissance in Europe, was characterized by political rivalries which frequently led to wars, but also by an extraordinary flourishing of Japanese culture.Zen Buddhism was introduced into Japan at the end of the 12th century, and quickly achieved a wide following, particularly among the Samurai class and war lords, who admired its doctrine of self-discipline.But in Kyoto in the 14th and 15th century, a new kind of garden appeared at the important zen temples."Nature, if you made it expressive by reducing it to its abstract forms, could transmit the most profound thoughts by its simple presence", Michel Baridon wrote."The compositions of stone, already common in China, became in Japan, veritable petrified landscapes, which seemed suspended in time, as in certain moments of Noh theater, which dates to the same period.The lower garden of Saihō-ji is in the traditional Heian period style; a pond with several rock compositions representing islands.This garden appears to have been strongly influenced by Chinese landscape painting of the Song Dynasty, which feature mountains rising in the mist, and a suggestion of great depth and height.The garden at Tenryū-ji has a real pond with water and a dry waterfall of rocks looking like a Chinese landscape.Saihō-ji and Tenryū-ji show the transition from the Heian style garden toward a more abstract and stylized view of nature.The scene was called ginshanada, literally "sand of silver and open sea".This garden feature became known as kogetsudai, or small mountain facing the moon, and similar small Mount Fuji made of sand or earth covered with grass appeared in Japanese gardens for centuries afterwards.The stones are surrounded by white gravel, which is carefully raked each day by the monks.The garden is meant to be viewed from a seated position on the veranda of the hōjō, the residence of the abbot of the monastery.The invention of the zen garden was closely connected with developments in Japanese ink landscape paintings.Japanese painters such as Sesshū Tōyō (1420–1506) and Soami (died 1525) greatly simplified their views of nature, showing only the most essential aspects of nature, leaving great areas of white around the black and gray drawings.Michel Baridon wrote, "The famous zen gardens of the Muromachi period showed that Japan had carried the art of gardens to the highest degree of intellectual refinement that it was possible to attain.In 1940, the temple commissioned the landscape historian and architect Shigemori Mirei to recreate the gardens.He made one garden with five artificial hills covered with grass, symbolizing the five great ancient temples of Kyoto; a modern rock garden, with vertical rocks, symbolizing Mount Horai; a large "sea" of white gravel raked in a checkboard pattern; and an intimate garden with swirling sand patterns.In the last century, zen gardens have appeared in many countries outside Japan.In the first known manual of Japanese gardening, the Sakuteiki ("Records of Garden Making"), is expressed as "setting stones", ishi wo tateru koto; literally, the "act of setting stones upright.".Smooth, rounded sedimentary rocks are used for the borders of gravel "rivers" or "seashores.In Japanese gardens, individual rocks rarely play the starring role; the emphasis is upon the harmony of the composition.The act of raking the gravel into a pattern recalling waves or rippling water, known as samon (砂紋)[15] or hōkime (箒目), has an aesthetic function.Rakes are according to the patterns of ridges as desired and limited to some of the stone objects situated within the gravel area.[17] This type of muted black-speckled granite is a mix of three main minerals, white feldspar, grey quartz, and black mica which matches the aesthetic for most zen gardens.Shirakawa-suna also has an eroded texture that alternates between jagged and smooth and is prized for its ability to hold raked grooves, with patterns lasted weeks unless weather, animals or humans intervene.Since the banning of extraction from the Shirakawa River the gravel used for both maintenance of existing gardens and the creation of new ones is sourced from quarried mountain granite of similar composition that is crushed and sieved.[18] For instance the Portland Japanese Garden experimented with granite chips sourced from Canadian quarries to compensate for the loss of access to Shirakawa-suna.Some classical zen gardens, like Daisen-in, have symbolism that can be easily read; it is a metaphorical journey on the river of life.Many different theories have been put forward about what the garden is supposed to represent, from islands in a stream to swimming baby tigers to the peaks of mountains rising above the clouds to theories about secrets of geometry or of the rules of equilibrium of odd numbers.The researchers claim the subconscious mind is sensitive to a subtle association between the rocks.[24] The critique comes down to the fact that Buddhist priests were not trying to express Zen in gardens.A review of the quotes of Buddhist priests that are taken to "prove" Zen for the garden are actually phrases copied from Chinese treatises on landscape painting.In Japan the critique was taken over by Yamada Shouji who took a critical stance to the understanding of all Japanese culture, including gardens, under the nominator of Zen.[25] Christian Tagsold summarized the discussion by placing perceptions of the Japanese garden in the context of an interdisciplinary comparison of cultures of Japan and the West.Zen priests quote from Chinese treatises on landscape painting indicating that the Japanese rock garden, and its karesansui garden scenery was and still is inspired by or based on first Chinese and later also Japanese landscape painting.Though each garden is different in its composition, they mostly use rock groupings and shrubs to represent a classic scene of mountains, valleys and waterfalls taken from Chinese landscape painting