How To Make A Small Woodland Garden

How To Make A Small Woodland Garden

In her book, The Gardening Awakening, Mary explains that: “Achieving a classic woodland ecosystem is impossible for most people because the individual plots of land are too small.The rustle and the shimmer of the leaves appeal to both your sense of hearing as well as the visual beauty the stand of trees provide.In my garden, similar to Healey’s aspen example, a stand of three clump birch trees form a canopy over a bubbling rock and dry river bed.The combination of the trees together with the sound and visual stimuli of seeing the water bubble out of the rock, works hard to appeal to a visitor’s multiple senses.In a much smaller garden, this birch grove and bubbling rock underplanted with a tiny Japanese maple, maybe a native cranberry bush that flowers and provides a profusion of red berries in the fall, a container or small planting of annual or perennial flowers, and a ground cover of moss or thyme is enough to form a woodland garden in itself.Add a bench where you can sit under the canopy of birch, and you have recreated the memorable experience you had that spring day in the forest.Paperbark maples (acer griseum) are especially noteworthy as a small under storey tree with outstanding curling, papery strips of cinnamon brown bark.The bark combined with its profusion of cream flowers and outstanding red fruit in fall make it a show stopper in the woodland garden.Few trees can compare to the Redbud, whether you choose multi-stem or single-stem versions, for its spectacular spring magenta flowers that cover its branches early in the season.Protecting the soil is critical to building microbial life that will ensure it can provide your plants and trees with life-giving energy

What Are The 5 Examples Of Ornamental Plants

What Are The 5 Examples Of Ornamental Plants

Ornamental plants are those that add color and interest to a landscape and are cultivated either in groupings to complement other plants or as specimens that stand alone.Tulips grow in USDA zones 3 to 7 and prefer full sun to partial shade on various soils.Ornamental plants are those that add color and interest to a landscape and are cultivated either in groupings to complement other plants or as specimens that stand alone.Petunias (Petunia x hybrida) are popular edging, bedding, or container plants, often grown as annuals, although they are perennial plants in warm climates such as in USDA zones 10 and 11.Many petunias are cultivated for their flower form, size and color.Petunias (Petunia x hybrida) are popular edging, bedding, or container plants, often grown as annuals, although they are perennial plants in warm climates such as in USDA zones 10 and 11.Pampas grass performs best in full sun, but tolerates partial shade

Can Grass Grow In Clay Soil

Can Grass Grow In Clay Soil

You can grow grass in clay soil if you use these methods to improve soil drainage and overall soil health.Growing grass in clay soil can be done if you use a variety of methods to improve the clay soil.Improving Clay Soil.Core Aeration.If you’re trying to improve clay soil in an existing lawn then Core Aerating is definitely where you need to start.A core aerator is a machine that pulls cores, several inches long, out of your lawn.After core aerating, top dress your lawn with compost.Core aeration combined with top dressing with compost is by far the best two things you can do to improve clay soil problems in an existing lawn.If you have a cool season lawn, then after top dressing, take the next step and apply a starter fertilizer and a light seeding with a quality seed (more on seed below).Liquid Aeration.In manual core aeration only a percentage of the lawn is being core aerated.Overall liquid aeration is a great choice for improving clay soil for someone that doesn’t want to go through the effort of core aerating.However, if you want to really make improvements to your clay soil than I recommend core aeration combined with liquid aeration.First, core aerate, and then apply liquid aeration immediately after.And if you want to throw everything at your clay lawn to give it the best chance for improving than I would do all of the above in the following order: Core aerate, Liquid Aerate, Top Dress, Seed and Starter Fertilizer (if you have a cool season lawn).Aside from skid steers and other larger pieces of equipment, a roto tiller is your best bet for amending clay soil before seeding (or sodding).This will work in the compost so that it mixes in with the clay soil.Best Grass for Clay Soil.The best grass for clay soil is Tall Fescue for cool season lawns.For warm season lawns Bermuda Grass is a great choice for clay soil

Best Grass For Rainy Areas

Best Grass For Rainy Areas

Select grass types that tolerate shady and wet conditions to plant under trees or near structures that block sunlight.Displaying a strong tolerance towards salty soils, this type of grass seed establishes quickly and easily in damp, shady locations.Displaying a strong tolerance towards salty soils, this type of grass seed establishes quickly and easily in damp, shady locations.Perennial ryegrass includes several different varieties, such as Palmer, Pennant, Regal, Gator, Cowboy, Elka and Repell.This perennial type of grass provides a quick solution in shady areas but thins out rapidly after about a year

What Is The Best Grass Seed To Use When You Have Dogs

What Is The Best Grass Seed To Use When You Have Dogs

If you find yourself stuck between a rock and a hard place with your beloved pooch and your well-groomed lawn, there are several types of grass seed that will allow you to enjoy both.A perennial grass that does best in warm to cool temperatures and somewhat moist areas, kikuyugrass grows in thick mats and is hardy when it comes to wear and tear.Recovering well from injury, kikuyugrass can be started with grass seed or stems and is hardy to U.S

How To Design An Ornamental Garden

How To Design An Ornamental Garden

Paths and structures must be simple to navigate, while the plants selected must provide interest and serve a function without being bullies or prima donnas.Here are 15 practical tips that have helped me create enjoyable, livable gardens for myself and my clients.For secondary paths where people walk single file, the width should be at least 3 feet.Keep in mind that the taller the plantings or structures that flank your walkway, the wider the path needs to be.Paving materials like polished granite or smooth outdoor tile may not offer enough traction in rainy and wintery climates.Unsifted gravel contains various-size aggregates, which compact firmly and provide a solid footing.(Sifted gravel is made up of similar-size aggregates, which do not compact well and remain loose underfoot.).This may sound high, but outdoor structures tend to look smaller than they would if they were indoors.Posts for arches and pergolas should be set at least a few inches outside the pathways that run through them to allow adequate elbow room.Keep your distance Place any plants more than 30 to 36 inches tall at least 2 to 3 feet back from walkway and patio edges; otherwise, these spaces may feel unduly cramped and crowded.Put turf in its place A lawn can be costly and labor intensive to maintain, but no other surface is quite so yielding, so comfortable for lounging, or so resilient and forgiving for play.Look past the flowers and use foliage, fruit, and bark for yearlong color, form, and texture.By choosing plants with multiple ornamental assets, you will extend your garden’s seasonal appeal.Create a comfort zone Beauty may be skin deep, but plants can do more in the garden than sit around and look pretty.A well-placed tree or tall shrub border can provide a shady oasis in the heat of a summer’s afternoon.Keep an eye to the future If you are installing or digging up your garden (or you just need something to add to your to-do list), consider laying down electrical conduit and irrigation piping 18 inches below ground along pathways and near bed edges—even if you have no current plans for lighting or irrigation.Wiring and plumbing are easy to install later if the piping is already there, and you won’t have to disrupt established plantings or rip up your paving.Look both ways before crossing It’s hard to leave your driveway safely if plants or structures are blocking your view

Is Miracle Gro Garden Soil Good For Grass

Is Miracle Gro Garden Soil Good For Grass

Understanding these two types of soil and when to use them can make the difference between achieving your landscape goals and wasting your time and effort.In the landscape materials industry, however, topsoil refers to earth that has gone through a screening process to remove debris and create a consistent texture.Topsoil, on the other hand, contains natural organic matter from leaves, grasses, weeds and tree bark that can help sustain plant life.Amendments may include compost or other organic matter, and some soils – like perennial potting mixes – have added ingredients to encourage growth of specific types of plants.Add organic material to an existing lawn as a means of reducing thatch and increasing pest and weed resistance.To learn more, or to schedule delivery of topsoil or garden soil, contact our West Jordan office today

How To Plan A Small Kitchen Garden

How To Plan A Small Kitchen Garden

If your garden is small it’s important to make the best use of the space you have with clever planting techniques and the right crops.Prioritize crops by choosing to grow only those that you really enjoy eating or which are expensive to buy.Avoid planting large sprawling crops unless they can be trained up a fence or other structure.By making space for flowers you can draw in beneficial insects who will naturally protect your crops from common pests.For more ideas, see our video guide on Growing More in the Space you Have.Best results with my jalapenos and onions so they can line the edges.Garden Layout: Mix of containers and rows.Small Garden Plan: Raised Beds.Small Garden Plan: Traditional Rows."Suggested plot for a family of 4 at St

What Soil Is Good For Growing Grass

What Soil Is Good For Growing Grass

Just as an engine powers your lawn mower, soil houses the fuel grass and plants need to grow

How To Clear Grass For Planting

How To Clear Grass For Planting

Cut through any deep taproots, and lift out the precut piece, making sure to include the grass’s fibrous roots.One drawback to sod removal is the significant loss of organic material, which greatly contributes to the health of plants.You can add organic matter by forking or shoveling compost, manure, grass clippings, or leaf mold onto the sod before tilling.A tilled bed can be planted immediately, but the process brings to the surface weed seeds that may germinate and cause problems later.You may also wind up inadvertently propagating some weeds like quack grass, which can send up new shoots from the small pieces of its chopped-up rhizome.If you keep the soil moist and delay planting by a couple of weeks, you can pull, hoe, or otherwise dispatch these weeds as they emerge.Pros: Retains organic matter; is quicker and easier than digging; permits immediate planting Cons: Is difficult on rocky sites and in wet or clay soils; turns up weed seeds; propagates certain weeds Tip: Large tillers can be hard to maneuver.The high temperatures and lack of light will eventually kill the grass, although they can also destroy beneficial organisms.Cover these biodegradable materials with grass clippings, leaf mold, mulch, or compost to hold the layers in place, keep in moisture, and add organic matter.Newspaper and cardboard do not increase temperature as much as plastic, but they eliminate light, causing chlorophyll to break down.Pros: Does not require the physical effort of removing or turning under sod; leaves original organic matter in place; does not disrupt soil structure Cons: Delays planting up to several months; may kill beneficial organisms if using plastic Tip: Lay down newspaper layers during the summer, and wet them to help keep them in place.Choose an appropriate product, and carefully follow the directions on the label if you decide to use herbicides to kill your grass.Be sure to buy a product designed to kill grasses (not one specific to broad-leaved plants), and check the expiration date.Don’t apply herbicides when rain is expected or they may wash off plants and into the soil and nearby waterways

Best Lawn Mower For Small Garden 2019

Best Lawn Mower For Small Garden 2019

Interest will be charged to your account from the purchase date at 17.90% APR if the purchase balance is not paid in full within 12 months or if your account is otherwise in default.Prices and models may vary by dealer.The regular Revolving Plan rate, which varies over time, is currently 18.25% APR.Prices and models may vary by dealer.Interest will be charged to your account from the purchase date at 17.90% APR if the purchase balance is not paid in full within 12 months or if your account is otherwise in default.Prices and models may vary by dealer.The regular Revolving Plan rate, which varies over time, is currently 18.25% APR.Prices and models may vary by dealer.Interest will be charged to your account from the purchase date at 17.90% APR if the purchase balance is not paid in full within 12 months or if your account is otherwise in default.Prices and models may vary by dealer.Prices and models may vary by dealer.Prices and models may vary by dealer.Subject to approved installment credit with John Deere Financial, for consumer use only.Taxes, freight, setup and delivery charges could increase monthly payment.Prices and models may vary by dealer

What Is The Best Small Ornamental Tree

What Is The Best Small Ornamental Tree

The best way to spruce up your space and add life to your yard is by planting trees and shrubs.Flowering trees are a beautiful addition that bring color, wildlife, and shade to your yard.Check out these small flowering trees that are great for yards cramped for space.It can be planted close to paved surfaces and near utility lines and can also be used as a deciduous hedge.Glossy maroon or purplish-red in spring, the leaves become dark green with purplish-red veins in the summer then a beautiful bronze color in autumn.With showy, fragrant flowers, dark green leaves, and striking gray bark, this hardy magnolia is a real standout.The star magnolia could be the landscape solution for backyard gardeners looking to add lovely spring interest to their spaces.This dogwood is a great landscape addition near utility lines, next to buildings, or near patios.This compact landscape tree is a spring star, with abundant clusters of fragrant white flowers making their appearance in May.Its dense, spreading crown and zigzagging branches add to the appeal, often making the tree wider than it is tall.Because of its size, the Sargent crabapple is useful for planting under utility lines, in confined yards, as privacy screens and hedges and on sloping ground.Its year-round interest and smaller size make the downy serviceberry a versatile choice for landscaping.It can either flourish as a multi-stemmed shrub, be pruned to a single-trunk tree, or be cut back every year to maintain the look of a smaller bushy plant

What Is Garden In Chinese

What Is Garden In Chinese

The earliest recorded Chinese gardens were created in the valley of the Yellow River, during the Shang Dynasty (1600–1046 BC).These gardens were large enclosed parks where the kings and nobles hunted game, or where fruit and vegetables were grown.Early inscriptions from this period, carved on tortoise shells, have three Chinese characters for garden, you, pu and yuan.A famous royal garden of the late Shang dynasty was the Terrace, Pond and Park of the Spirit (Lingtai, Lingzhao Lingyou) built by King Wenwang west of his capital city, Yin.Another early royal garden was Shaqui, or the Dunes of Sand, built by the last Shang ruler, King Zhou (1075–1046 BC).It was composed of an earth terrace, or tai, which served as an observation platform in the center of a large square park.A large pool, big enough for several small boats, was constructed on the palace grounds, with inner linings of polished oval shaped stones from the seashore.A small island was constructed in the middle of the pool, where trees were planted, which had skewers of roasted meat hanging from their branches.King Zhou and his friends and concubines drifted in their boats, drinking the wine with their hands and eating the roasted meat from the trees.It was located on the side of a mountain, and included a series of terraces connected by galleries, along with a lake where boats in the form of blue dragons navigated.A miniature version of Mount Penglai , the legendary home of the Eight Immortals , was recreated in many classical Chinese gardens.There was no pain, no winter, wine glasses and rice bowls were always full, and fruits, when eaten, granted eternal life.Using a fortune amassed during his twenty years in the imperial court, Liang Ji build an immense landscape garden with artificial mountains, ravines and forests, filled with rare birds and domesticated wild animals.During this period, many former government officials left the court and built gardens where they could escape the outside world and concentrate on nature and literature.One example was the Jingu Yuan, or Garden of the Golden Valley, built in 296 by Shi Chong (249–300 AD), an aristocrat and former court official, ten kilometers northeast of Luoyang.I have a country house at the torrent of the Golden Valley...where there is a spring of pure water, a luxuriant woods, fruit trees, bambo, cypress, and medicinal plants.There are fields, two hundred sheep, chickens, pigs, geese and ducks...There is also a water mill, a fish pond, caves, and everything to distract the look and please the heart....With my literary friends, we took walks day and night, feasted, climbed a mountain to view the scenery, and sat by the side of the stream.He also used the park for theatrical events; he launched small boats on his stream with animated figures illustrating the history of China.Even ordinary residences had tiny gardens in their courtyards, with terracotta mountains and small ponds.After retiring from the government, he passed his time taking boat trips on the lake, playing the cithare and writing and reciting poetry.[14] The capital, Chang'an, was a very cosmopolitan city, filled with diplomats, merchants, pilgrims, monks and students, who carried descriptions of the gardens all over Asia.The economic prosperity of the Tang dynasty led to the increasing construction of classical gardens across all of China.His first garden, called The Basin of the Clarity of Gold, was an artificial lake surrounded by terraces and pavilions.Some of the rocks were so large that, in order to move them by water on the grand canal, he had to destroy all the bridges between Hangzhou and Beijing.In 1127, Emperor Huizong was forced to flee from the Song capital, Kaifeng, when it came under attack by the armies of the Jurchen-led Jin dynasty.When he returned (as a captive of the Jurchens), he found his garden completely destroyed, all the pavilions burned and the art works looted.To the east was a garden of medicinal herbs, and to the west was an artificial mountain, with a belevedere at the summit to view the surrounding neighborhoods.The oldest Suzhou garden that can be seen today is the Blue Wave Pavilion, built in 1044 by the Song dynasty poet Su Shunqing.It was created in 1141 by Shi Zhengzhi, Deputy Civil Service Minister of the Southern Song government.It had his library, the Hall of Ten Thousand Volumes, and an adjacent garden called the Fisherman's Retreat.In the city of Wuxi, on the edge of Lake Tai and at the foot of two mountains, there were thirty four gardens recorded by the Song dynasty historian Zhou Mi (1232–1308).The Venetian traveler Marco Polo is believed to have visited Xanadu in about 1275, and described the garden this way:."Round this Palace a wall is built, inclosing a compass of 16 miles, and inside the Park there are fountains and rivers and brooks, and beautiful meadows, with all kinds of wild animals (excluding such as are of ferocious nature), which the Emperor has procured and placed there to supply food for his gerfalcons and hawks, which he keeps there in mew.This brief description later inspired the poem Kubla Khan by the English romantic poet, Samuel Taylor Coleridge.When he established his new capital at Dadu, Kublai Khan enlarged the artificial lakes that had been created a century earlier by the Jurchen-led Jin dynasty, and built up the island of Oinghua, creating a striking contrast between curving banks of the lake and garden and the strict geometry of what later became the Forbidden City of Beijing.Despite the Mongol invasion, the classical Chinese scholar's garden continued to flourish in other parts of China.During the Qing dynasty, twelve tall limestone rocks were added to the garden, symbolizing mountains.Father Attiret, a French Jesuit who became court painter for the Qianlong Emperor from 1738 to 1768, described the Jade Terrace of the Isle of Immortality in the Lake of the Summer Palace:."That which is a true jewel is a rock or island...which is in the middle of this lake, on which is built a small palace, which contains one hundred rooms or salons...of a beauty and a taste which I am not able to express to you.Empress Dowager Cixi famously diverted money intended for the modernization of the Beiyang Fleet and used it to restore the Summer Palace and the marble teahouse in the shape of boat on Lake Kunming.A Chinese garden was not meant to be seen all at once; the plan of a classical Chinese garden[26] presented the visitor with a series of perfectly composed and framed glimpses of scenery; a view of a pond, or of a rock, or a grove of bamboo, a blossoming tree, or a view of a distant mountain peak or a pagoda.The 16th-century Chinese writer and philosopher Ji Cheng instructed garden builders to "hide the vulgar and the common as far as the eye can see, and include the excellent and the splendid.Some early Western visitors to the imperial Chinese gardens felt they were chaotic, crowded with buildings in different styles, without any seeming order.[28] But the Jesuit priest Jean Denis Attiret, who lived in China from 1739 and was a court painter for the Qianlong Emperor, observed there was a "beautiful disorder, an anti-symmetry" in the Chinese garden.Ji Cheng built a garden for Wu Youyu, the Treasurer of Jinling, that was just under one hectare in size, and the tour of the garden was only four hundred steps long from the entrance to the last viewing point, but Wu Youyu said it contained all the marvels of the province in a single place.The classical garden was surrounded by a wall, usually painted white, which served as a pure backdrop for the flowers and trees.The other essential elements of a scholar garden were plants, trees, and rocks, all carefully composed into small perfect landscapes.Chinese gardens are filled with architecture; halls, pavilions, temples, galleries, bridges, kiosks, and towers, occupying a large part of the space.The principal pavilion ( da ting ), or “large room”, for the reception of guests, for banquets and for celebrating holidays, such as New Years and the Festival of Lanterns.Located near the residence, this building has a rear courtyard filled with flowers, plants, and a small rock garden.Located near the residence, this building has a rear courtyard filled with flowers, plants, and a small rock garden.This building is divided into two sections; one facing north used in summer, facing a lotus pond which provided cool air; and the southern part used in winter, with a courtyard planted with pine trees, which remained evergreen, and plum trees, whose blossoms announced the arrival of spring.In addition to these larger halls and pavilions, the garden is filled with smaller pavilions, (also called ting),or “room”, which are designed for providing shelter from the sun or rain, for contemplating a scene, reciting a poem, taking advantage of a breeze, or simply resting.Pavilions might be located where the dawn can best be watched, where the moonlight shines on the water, where autumn foliage is best seen, where the rain can best be heard on the banana leaves, or where the wind whistles through the bamboo stalks.They are sometimes attached to the wall of another building or sometimes stood by themselves at view points of the garden, by a pond or at the top of a hill.These generally had three parts; a kiosk with winged gables at the front, a more intimate hall in the center, and a two-story structure with a panoramic view of the pond at the rear.Gardens contain small enclosed court courtyards, offering quiet and solitude for meditation, painting, drinking tea, or playing on the cithare.Galleries (lang) are narrow covered corridors which connect the buildings, protect the visitors from the rain and sun, and also help divide the garden into different sections.They have small windows, sometimes round or in odd geometric shapes, to give glimpses of the garden or scenery to those passing through.Gardens also often include small, austere houses for solitude and meditation, sometimes in the form of rustic fishing huts, and isolated buildings which serve as libraries or studios (shufang).A three bay hall with full gable roofline and flat eves in the Retreat & Reflection Garden (1885).[40] During the Tang dynasty, the rock was elevated to the status of an art object, judged by its form (xing), substance (zhi), color (se), and texture (wen), as well as by its softness, transparency, and other factors.The poet Bo Juyi (772–846) wrote a catalog of the famous rocks of Lake Tai, called Taihu Shiji.[39] But Emperor Huizong (1100–1125) nearly ruined the economy of the Song Empire by destroying the bridges of the Grand Canal so he could carry huge rocks by barge to his imperial garden.[39] During the Ming dynasty, the use of piles of rocks to create artificial mountains and grottos reached its peak.In the I Ching, water represents lightness and communication, and carried the food of life on its journey through the valleys and plains.The lakes and waterside pavilions in Chinese gardens were also influenced by another classic of Chinese literature, the Shishuo Xinyu by Liu Yiqing (403–444), who described the promenades of the Emperor Jianwen of Jin along the banks of the Hao and the Pu River, in the Garden of the Splendid Forest (Hualin yuan).Some gardens created the impression of lakes by places smooth areas of white sand, bordered by rocks, in courtyards.A French Jesuit missionary, Father Attiret, who was a painter in the service of the Qianlong Emperor from 1738 to 1768, described one garden he saw:."The canals are not like those in our country bordered with finely cut stone, but very rustic and lined with pieces or rock, some coming forward, some retreating.In the Lingering Garden in Suzhou, flowers provide a contrast with a scholar stone chosen to represent Mount Tiantai , one of the founding centers of Chinese Buddhism.They represent nature in its most vivid form, and contrast with the straight lines of the architecture and the permanence, sharp edges and immobility of the rocks.The bamboo, a hollow straw, represented a wise man, modest and seeking knowledge, and was also noted for being flexible in a storm without breaking.The word 'pear' was also a homophone for 'quit' or separate,' and it was considered bad luck to cut a pear, for it would lead to the breakup of a friendship or romance.During the Tang dynasty, those who passed the imperial examination were rewarded with the banquet in the garden of the apricot trees, or Xingyuan.The fruit of the pomegranate tree was offered to young couples so they would have male children and numerous descendants.The poet Zhou Dunyi wrote a famous elegy to the lotus, comparing it to a junzi, a man who possessed integrity and balance.The lotus was admired for its purity, and its efforts to reach out of the water to flower in the air made it a symbol of the search for knowledge.The chrysanthemum was elegized the poet Tao Yuanming, who surrounded his hermit's hut with the flower, and wrote a famous verse:."At the feet of the Eastern fence, I pick a chrysanthemum, In the distance, detached and serene, I see the Mountains of the South.The most famous example was the mist-shrouded view of the North Temple Pagoda in Suzhou, seen in the distance over the pond of the Humble Administrator's Garden.But, as Ji Cheng wrote, it could also be "the immaculate ribbon of a stream, animals, birds, fish, or other natural elements (rain, wind, snow), or something less tangible, such as a moonbeam, a reflection in a lake, morning mist, or the red sky of a sunset.".It could also be a sound; he recommended locating a pavilion near a temple, so that the chanted prayers could be heard; planting fragrant flowers next to paths and pavilions, so visitors would appreciate their aromas; that bird perches be created to encourage birds to come to sing in the garden, that streams be designed to make pleasant sounds, and that banana trees be planted in courtyards so the rain would patter on their leaves.Ji Cheng wrote: "In the heart of the tumult of the city, you should choose visions that are serene and refined: from a raised clearing, you look to the distant horizon, surrounded by mountains like a screen; in an open pavilion, a gentle and light breeze invades the room; from the front door, the running water of spring flows toward the marsh.The ever-changing moods and appearances of nature in a given landscape in full action are understood by the author as an independent function that becomes an agent for garden making.The landscape painter Shitao (1641–1720) wrote that he wanted to "'...create a landscape which was not spoiled by any vulgar banality..." He wanted to create a sense of vertigo in the viewer: "to express a universe inaccessible to man, without any route that led there, like the isles of Bohai, Penglan and Fanghu, where only the immortals can live, and which a man cannot imagine.To express it in painting, you must show jagged peaks, precipices, hanging bridges, great chasms.In his book, Craft of Gardens, the garden designer Ji Cheng wrote: "The spirit and the charm of mountains and forests must be studied in depth; ...only the knowledge of the real permits the creation of the artificial, so that the work created possesses the spirit of the real, in part because of divine inspiration, but especially because of human effort.".He described the effect he wanted to achieve in the design of an autumn garden scene: "The feelings are in harmony with the purity, with the sense of withdrawal.Suddenly the spirit, detached from the world of small things, is animated and seems to penetrate to the interior of a painting, and to promenade there..."[54].[56] Within the gardens, the individual pavilions and view points were frequently dedicated to verses of poems, inscribed on stones or plaques.The Moon Comes with the Breeze Pavilion at the Couple's Retreat Garden, used for moon-viewing, has the inscription of a verse by Han Yu:.Wang Wei (701–761) was a poet, painter and Buddhist monk, who worked first as a court official before retiring to Lantian, where he built one of the first wenren yuan, or scholar's gardens, called the Valley of the Jante.In this garden, a series of twenty scenes, like the paintings of a scroll or album, unrolled before the viewer, each illustrated by a verse of poetry."The white rock emerges from the torrent; The cold sky with red leaves scattering: On the mountain path, the rain is fleeing, the blue of the emptiness dampens our clothes.After the Han dynasty (206 BC – 220 AD), gardens were frequently constructed as retreats for government officials who had lost their posts or who wanted to escape the pressures and corruption of court life in the capital.For followers of Taoism, enlightenment could be reached by contemplation of the unity of creation, in which order and harmony are inherent to the natural world.[62] In 607 AD, the Japanese crown prince Shotoku sent a diplomatic mission to the Chinese court, which began a cultural exchange lasting for centuries.During the Nara period (710-794), when the Japanese capital was located at Nara, and later at Heian, the Japanese court created large landscape gardens with lakes and pavilions on the Chinese model for aristocrats to promenade and to drift leisurely in small boats, and more intimate gardens for contemplation and religious meditation.The first European to describe a Chinese garden was the Venetian merchant and traveler Marco Polo, who visited the summer palace of Kublai Khan at Xanadu.Marco Polo also described the gardens of the imperial palace in Khanbaliq, the Mongol name for the city which eventually became Beijing.He described ramparts, balustrades and pavilions surrounding a deep lake full of fish and with swans and other aquatic birds; whose central feature was a manmade hill one hundred steps high and a thousand steps around, covered with evergreen trees and decorated with green azurite stones.In the 18th century, as Chinese vases and other decorative objects began to arrive in Europe, there was a surge of popularity for Chinoiserie.The canals are not at all like ours- bordered with cut stone- they are rustic, with pieces of rock, some leaning forward, some backwards, placed with such art you would think they were natural."Everything is truly great and beautiful, both as to the design and the execution: and [the gardens] struck me the more, because I had never seen any thing that bore any manner of resemblance to them, in any part of the world that I had been before.The English landscape garden was already well-established in England in the first part of the 18th century, influenced by the travel to Italy by the British upper class and their desire to have a new style of garden to match the Palladian style of architecture they chose for their country houses, and by the romantic landscapes of Claude Lorraine and other painters, but the novelty and exoticism of Chinese art and architecture in Europe led in 1738 to the construction of the first Chinese house in an English garden, at Stowe House, alongside Roman temples, Gothic ruins and other architectural styles.The style became even more popular thanks to William Chambers (1723–1796), who lived in China from 1745 to 1747, and wrote a book, The Drawings, buildings, furniture, habits, machines and untensils of the Chinese, published in 1757.He urged western garden designers to use Chinese stylistic conventions such as concealment, asymmetry, and naturalism.Carmontelle added a Chinese pavilion to his garden at Parc Monceau in Paris (1772), and the Duc de Choiseul built a pagoda on his estate at Chanteloup between 1775 and 1778.The Russian Empress Catherine the Great built her own pagoda in the garden of her palace of Tsarskoye Selo, near Saint Petersburg, between 1778 and 1786

How To Stop Growing Grass In Garden

How To Stop Growing Grass In Garden

Chemical herbicides are available as liquid concentrates that you mix with water and apply with a garden sprayer, as well as in premixed forms sold in spray bottles.If the grass is close to ornamental plants, you can block the spray with a piece of cardboard or shield them with an overturned bucket.Warning Many herbicides contain chemicals that can harm the health of humans, pets, wildlife, and the environment.Pre-emergent weed killers usually come in a granular form that is blended into the garden soil.Flame: A variety of propane torch tools are available that allow you to kill weeds by hitting them with very high heat.A variety of propane torch tools are available that allow you to kill weeds by hitting them with very high heat.Corn gluten: This is an organic option that's normally applied to lawns to control crabgrass and other weeds.However, most grasses are perennial plants that can regrow if even a small bit of root remains.So complete removal involves carefully loosening the soil and tugging out as much of the roots as possible.Hand removal is an ongoing process and can be done whenever you are performing routine weeding duties in the garden.Instead, use wood chips, shredded leaves, or compost, all of which will prevent grass seeds from germinating and make weeding duties easier

How Much To Artificial Grass Garden

How Much To Artificial Grass Garden

It requires no watering, fertilizer, or mowing, which can save you money in the long term.And unlike sod, artificial grass gives you a green lawn all year round.The national average cost of installing artificial grass is $12.33 per square foot.Keep in mind that total costs may vary depending on the turf’s brand and your yard’s size.For a 500-square-foot yard, homeowners typically spend an average of $6,165 or between $3,104 and $7,245 for labor and materials to install artificial grass.Materials include the artificial turf itself, infill, edging, adhesives, and a weed barrier.Heavy foot traffic and high temperatures can significantly affect polypropylene’s appearance.It’s most suitable for shady areas or indoor use where foot traffic and temperatures are low.This artificial grass also has good drainage and is non-absorbent, making it an excellent choice for homeowners with pets.Nylon turf can handle heavy-foot traffic, weight, and hot temperatures — and still retain its original appearance.Your artificial grass material type won’t be the only item affecting your total project spending.Your synthetic turf’s quality will vary depending on its brand and blade shape, leading to higher costs.Area Size: More square footage means paying more for materials and labor.Area Location: Costs will vary depending on where you want to install the turf, such as the backyard or rooftop.*per square foot EasyTurf $1.50 to $2.00 OneLawn $2.15 to $7.15 Pregra $2.55 to $3.59 Perfect Turf $3.88 to $5.00 ForeverLawn $4.25 to $9.25 K-9 Grass $4.25 to $9.25 ProGreen $4.25 to $11.25 Synlawn $5.25 to $7.25.Blade shape can determine how natural the turf looks, how durable it is, and how well it can stand up against high temperatures.Your total spending costs may vary depending on the turf’s blade shape.Whether you’re installing fake grass in the backyard or an indoor playroom, larger spaces will require more turf and labor, resulting in higher costs.Homeowners can expect to pay an average of $6,165 to install artificial turf in a 500-square-foot area.Artificial turf fits nicely in an area with straight lines and right angles.Installing artificial turf in a curved or unusually shaped area takes more labor.Your pro will need to work around the curved shape and existing landscaping to get the turf placement just right.In some cases, the pro may need to cut or reshape the turf, increasing your labor bill.Planning how you will use artificial grass in you yard may lead you to rethink your entire landscape.A deck or patio complements artificial grass as an excellent space for outdoor entertainment.Set up an outdoor eating area or comfortable lounge space where your guests can relax.Walkways help guide the eye to attractive features around your artificial yard.A great way to show off your new green turf is to embellish it with floral decor.Gazebos create intimate outdoor living areas and are striking focal points.Sod installation runs much cheaper, costing most homeowners between $0.87 to $1.76 per square foot.Synthetic turf can save you money in the long term due to its low-cost maintenance.For a 500-square-foot yard, sod adds an average lawn maintenance cost of $931 each year.The time it takes for an artificial yard to pay for itself may vary depending on the type of turf installed and the area’s size.For instance, artificial turf may save gallons of water, but whether it’s more eco-friendly than real grass is an ongoing debate.Fertilizers and pesticides help your sod grow, but they can be harmful to the ecosystem, waterways, and groundwater.Gasoline power tools like lawn mowers and string trimmers emit carbon dioxide into the air.Artificial turf avoids this pollution, as fake grass doesn’t require any trimming maintenance.Depending on the type of artificial turf you install and the amount you need, fake grass can pay for itself over time.Whether it’s sitting in the shade or the snow is falling, artificial turf will always look like a fresh green carpet as long as you take care of it.Even athletes have a difficult time withstanding the heat radiating off the turf’s surface.Before your fake grass becomes your new lawn, it has to go through an entire manufacturing process that involves waste and carbon emissions.Artificial grass can feel stiff, though some blade shapes and turf materials are softer than others.When artificial grass is installed, the soil layer underneath will no longer retain its stellar ecosystem.The earth needs plants to absorb the carbon dioxide polluting the air.Once the land is bare, you’ll need to slope the ground to ensure proper drainage.Here are five reasons why you should stick to the pros instead of attempting a DIY artificial turf project:.A professional can advise you on the best blade types, material, and turf brand for your yard.It’s wise to have a professional install such a valuable investment so that you reap the rewards down the line.The bottom line: Artificial turf installation isn’t an ideal DIY project.However, DIY turf installation can lead to significant mistakes that will cost you more down the road.With that in mind: If you were to install artificial turf in a 1,000-square-foot lawn, you could expect to pay between $2,330 and $8,650 for the materials and save between $3,170 and $10,100 in labor costs.EQUIPMENT NEEDED AVERAGE COST Hardware Nail Kit $7.50 Turf Adhesive $7.50 (One Quart) Tape Measurer $10 Stanley Knife $14 Landscaping Pins $14 Hand Saw $16 Spade $16 Claw Hammer $20 Turf Seam Tape $21 Bow Rake $25 Power Drill $80 Plate Compactor $86 per day; $345 per week Wheelbarrow $90 TOTAL: $666.The costs listed in this artificial turf pricing guide are all national averages.Professional installers may adjust their rates depending on the region’s market and local demand for synthetic turf.But regular upkeep is still essential if you want your synthetic grass to stay beautiful and last long.But if the turf is well maintained and lasts a long time, it may eventually pay for itself given its low maintenance needs.Many factors will impact total costs, including the turf’s blade shape, brand, and quality.Main Photo Credit: David de la Pena / Flickr / CC BY 2.0

Will Vinegar Kill Grass Permanently

Will Vinegar Kill Grass Permanently

A spray of concentrated white vinegar can make weeds and grass fade away, but use caution when handling this strong herbicide.Follow safety precautions and, if necessary, make repeat applications when using concentrated vinegar herbicides to destroy grass and perennial weeds.After treating weeds and grass with concentrated vinegar, vigorous plants may return, so check the spot every week or so and respray if needed.A homemade household vinegar spray might cause some temporary harm to weeds and grass, but the acid isn't powerful

Best Grass Seed To Grow From Scratch

Best Grass Seed To Grow From Scratch

Here, the best grass seed for sprucing up your yard.We searched high and low to find the finest seeds for growing beautifully green grass and selected versatile options that retain water, contain fertilizers, grow quickly, resist lawn diseases , and stand up to heavy foot traffic.This premium Bermuda grass seed has a special coating to help it grow quickly and resist disease.The ryegrass blend is made for over-seeding in the cold season and germinates within two to four days, even in the fall and winter.The ultra-absorbent mixture contains shade-friendly seeds, pro-grade fertilizer, and mulch to help you sprout seedlings in as little as a week.Thanks to a special coating, the seeds can sprout and thrive year-round in the dense shade or scorching-hot sun.This grass seed from Sta-Green contains a premium blend of 99 percent weed-free Bermuda grass.The brand's Heavy Traffic Premium Mixture contains a healthy blend of fescue and perennial ryegrass seeds.Not only that, but this reliable formula stands up to abrasion and is naturally resistant to insects.After a few weeks, you'll have dense growth of fine-bladed grass with a deep green color.The seeds have a special coating that makes them more absorbent, allowing your turf to thrive year-round in the sun or shade.Species like Bermuda grass and some types of ryegrass need at least a few hours of sunlight a day to thrive, whereas fescue can grow in densely shaded areas.Some mixes are formulated to grow in the sun or shade, any time of year.The best time to plant grass seed depends on the type of seed and the climate.How do you prepare the soil for grass seed?How often do you need to water grass seed?Grass seed needs to be watered once or twice a day until it germinates

How To Put New Grass In Yard

How To Put New Grass In Yard

Starting with smaller sections instead of the entire lawn keeps the job manageable and makes the critical step of watering feasible for homeowners who do not have in-ground sprinkler systems.The first step is to kill and remove any poor-quality turf, which can be accomplished through several methods including solarization, heavy mulches, using a hoe or sod cutter, and herbicides.This is your best opportunity to add amendments such as fertilizer, organic matter, and lime or sulfur.Use a power tiller to work amendments, including fertilizer and organic matter, into the soil; then use a landscaping rake to level.Rake the area for replanting until it is smooth and remove any stones and vegetative matter brought to the surface during tilling.Do so by filling a lawn roller about one-third with water, and roll until your footprints are no deeper than a ½-inch for optimal planting.Complete this step by thoroughly watering the area to a depth of 5 or 6 inches two days before planting.You have now put a lot of work into creating a new lawn so do not forget the most important step

How To Replace Lawn With Garden

How To Replace Lawn With Garden

Many homeowners, not just devoted gardeners, are discovering the benefits of replacing lawn grass with planting areas for vegetable gardens, flower garden beds, or mixed shrub/flower islands.To add planting areas to your landscape, though, you need to deal with the turfgrass that currently makes up your lawn.There are several ways to remove or kill the grass to make room for garden planting areas.Some of these methods are fairly simple but require patience and time.Cutting the turfgrass area into pieces and prying out and discarding the pieces of sod is arguably the very best way to remove the grass and prepare the area for a garden bed.Removed entirely, the grass won't grow up through your new garden, although you do need to take pains to remove it all since any remaining grassroots will quickly create new plants.If the soil in your yard is sparse or weak, you likely will need to add amendments in order to establish a good planting area in the space where you have removed the sod.You have a bed, ready to plant.It requires very little planning, so if you're a spur-of-the-moment type, this method will work for you.Solarization requires that you cover the area of your planned garden with one or two layers of thick plastic and leave it in place for 6 to 12 weeks until the heat of the sun bakes and kills all living plants beneath the plastic.Once the grass is dead, pull up the plastic, amend the soil, and garden away.There is no need to remove the dead grass, as it will simply decompose and add nutrients to the garden soil.Patience is required, since this process can take anywhere from 6 weeks to 6 months, depending on the amount of sun the area gets and how bad the weeds are.Smother the Lawn.Like most easy methods, though, it requires a fair amount of time—as much as 6 months.Does a good job of killing the grass.This method serves to smother the underlying grass even as it creates a garden bed with good, nutritious soil.As the name suggests, lasagna gardening uses a technique of placing layers organic materials over the garden area, which creates a perfect growing medium as the layers decompose.After outlining the garden area, first, apply a thick layer of cardboard or newspaper over the grass.This is a very easy method.The method involves simply building a raised structure with wood, stone, or another material, then filling it with good quality garden soil, compost, and composted manure.However, if you'd like to, simply lay down a few layers of newspaper before filling the bed.Then you can garden away.It's not for everyone, but the grass in your planned garden area can be killed off with the right kind of herbicide.The herbicides normally used for lawn weeds do not kill blade-leafed plants like grasses, so you will need a broad-spectrum vegetation killer.Glyphosate herbicide is a very quick and thorough way to kill grass

How To Get Grass In Garden

How To Get Grass In Garden

5 steps for planting grass seed.Planting (or seeding) a lawn is not difficult and can be done successfully by anyone.Get GreenView Fairway Formula top rated NTEP grass seed today ».Step 2 – Prepare the soil.For planting new lawns:.Loosen the top 2 to 3 inches of soil.Lightly drag the grass seed bed so no more than ¼ inch of soil covers the grass seed.Step 5 – Water often.Delay the weed control application until the grass seed has germinated and you have mowed the grass at least 3 times

How To Design My Backyard Garden

How To Design My Backyard Garden

A skilled professional can guide you through the process of figuring out a style, deciding who will be using the yard, creating zones of activity, choosing materials and plants, and recommending builders and contractors for everything from swimming pools to outdoor structures to installing irrigation

How To Get Grass Out Of The Garden

How To Get Grass Out Of The Garden

Using Broad-Spectrum Herbicide.One of the most effective methods to remove grass from flower beds is to use a broad-spectrum herbicide.Chemical herbicides are available as liquid concentrates that you mix with water and apply with a garden sprayer, as well as in premixed forms sold in spray bottles.Dig Up the Plant Once the grass has appeared completely dead for several days, you can dig up the plant from your garden.If you need to kill grass growing close to ornamental plants, you can apply a grass-specific herbicide that targets only grasses without harming garden plants.Pre-emergent herbicide does its work by preventing germination of new seeds that fall on the soil.These products do not affect the roots of perennial weeds, nor can they prevent existing weed seeds in the soil from germinating.This often (but not always) kills the roots, as well.This often (but not always) kills the roots, as well.This will kill the seeds and roots of all plants in the soil beneath the plastic.This will kill the seeds and roots of all plants in the soil beneath the plastic

How To Remove Grass For Rocks

How To Remove Grass For Rocks

If you live in a drought-prone area, like Las Vegas, even the most vigilant maintenance might not be enough to keep your lawn lush and green.Homeowners are turning to landscaping in order to save time, water, and stress that can come with managing a green lawn in a dry environment.If you are looking to turn your own rocky landscaping into a lush green haven, there are some essential steps to know before starting the process.The easiest way to kill your grass is to wrap your lawn in black plastic, so use garbage bags weighed down with rocks for a cheap solution.Use the shovel to make incisions into the grass, soil every couple feet and remove the excess chunks.You can place bricks or pavers directly on your layer of landscape fabric, but vinyl edging may require more installation steps.You can dump small rocks by the bucketful or use a wheelbarrow to distribute them over a large area.It pays to be meticulous laying these rocks because they will essentially stay in place until you remove them.Now that you’ve replaced your yellow lawn with landscaping rocks, you’ll have a lot more time to relax and enjoy your yard

How To Make Wooden Garden Ornaments

How To Make Wooden Garden Ornaments

This outdoor light chandelier project is perfect for the porch or sitting area in your garden.Turn a quart sized paint can into a beautiful fairy house luminaria to display in your garden.Model this cute DIY using rocks and paint.Make a garden stake using wired teacup!If you like this idea, follow this step-by-step tutorial at the Empress of Dirt to know more.It is a 3-step quick, super easy DIY project with pebbles!Use a tree stump to create this tic-tac-toe game DIY for your kids to play.Combine beads and wire hangers to make this tempting DIY.It’s amazing to see the beads shining when the sun hits them.Complete this DIY concrete mushroom project using the beads, stones and other supplies.This project is made by combining only two things–rocks and glow in the dark paint.Make this DIY dragonfly yard art for your garden using copper wires, colorful beads, and multiple other easily available supplies.Create this magical waterdrop solar light to bring enigma to your garden.Transform golf balls into these cute little ladybirds, to feature in your garden!Make these OMG metal spheres in cheap to create oomph in your garden.Visit Retro Politan Hip for the DIY.Create this brilliant decorative art piece using an old watering can and a few crystals.Try this amazing suncatcher wind chime project for your garden using mason jar lids and some additional basic materials.Create these colorful terra cotta pots mushrooms to exorcize the dullness from your garden.Create a gorgeous light show of sparkling sun rays in your garden with small mirrors, adhesive, and fishing line.The complete list of supplies and tutorial is available at the HGTV.Make this beautiful solar birdbath fountain by following this tutorial!Get a few old bowls and spray paint to create this ingenious DIY.DIY a beautiful chandelier outside to get a romantic outdoor seating area.This DIY tea pot bird bath idea is suitable for those who don’t have playful and clumsy pets.This cute garden rock caterpillar deserves your attention.Put it in your garden or on the windowsill; it’ll look great

How To Grow Green Grass In Garden

How To Grow Green Grass In Garden

The first step to the greenest lawn in the neighborhood is to identify the grass type growing in your yard