Fall crops typically need a little extra time to mature because they receive less daylight as the season winds down.In very mild climates like the Pacific Northwest, many of these crops can survive through the winter, providing much needed garden love in the gloomiest months of the year.To ensure a successful fall and winter harvest, you need to start many of your late-season crops in the peak of summer.In most regions, this means planting in the heat of August to give your crops time to size up while growing conditions are still good.Some fast growing fall crops like lettuce and radishes can be planted into late September, but many desirable fall crops like broccoli and carrots need several months of prime-growing conditions to mature before frost and low light levels set in.Each crop has a relatively predictable lifespan, meaning that you can anticipate approximately how long it will take to reach harvestable size.The lifespan of the crop is usually defined by the phrase "days to maturity" which will be listed on the seed package or plant tag.Days to maturity will vary a bit by environmental conditions, but these numbers should be fairly accurate.Planning a successful fall garden hinges on the proper management of spring and summer plantings.Crops like broccoli, cabbage, and kale can live for months in the garden after they reach maturity.Even fast-growing crops like spinach, cilantro, and lettuce will hold their quality for much longer when planted for fall harvest.Greens need a relatively short amount of time to mature, so you can plant them through August and into September.Soak the asparagus crowns before planting them in the trenches nearly feet apart and then top them with 2 to 3 inches of soil.Hilary Dahl is a co-owner of the Seattle Urban Farm Company, where she helps beginning and experienced growers create beautiful and productive gardens.This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. .
14 Best Vegetables to Grow in Fall
Gardeners in hardiness zones eight and up, who have waited patiently through the hazy heat of summer, can finally get all sorts of vegetable plants started, including tender tomatoes and eggplant. .
15 Vegetables to Plant in the Fall
It’s also smart to add a week or so to that number because fewer hours of daylight in fall mean plants grow more slowly than during summer.Also, cool season-lovers such as greens don’t germinate well in hot soil, so try to plant where taller vegetables can shade them, or you can try starting them in pots in a shady spot in your garden. .
Planting a Fall Vegetable Garden — Seattle's Favorite Garden Store
This is especially important for crops in the Cabbage family (broccoli, kale, radishes), and for carrots and onions.Some of the pests that attack these vegetables could still be around and planting the same thing in the same spot makes it all that much easier for them to feast.Stone and Gardner & Bloome offer excellent options) mixed with fertilizer, added according to package directions.If you decide not to plant your entire space, consider sowing a cover crop such as crimson clover, vetch, winter peas, or favas in the fall.However, fast growers like lettuce, parsley, radishes, arugula, or vegetables you will harvest small (baby carrots and young leaves of spinach, kale, and Swiss chard) can easily be grown from seed or starts, depending on your preference.At Swansons, we carry fall gardening varieties of plant starts in July and August. .
What to Plant in a Fall Vegetable Garden
While summer is typically considered the season for the classic vegetable garden, the cooler temperatures of fall find far fewer pest and disease populations to challenge plants (and gardeners).In addition, many edible varieties that would never grow happily in warmer times thrive in cooler and even cold weather of the fall vegetable garden.Most cool season crops will do fine even through frost and some freezing temperatures.This leafy green vegetable has a spicy kick that works great mixed in salads.The dark green leaves and interesting leaf margins add a nice ornamental appeal to your garden as well.Broccoli: Late summer or early September direct seeding is best for timing.Leave remaining plant in the ground and you may get additional smaller side heads later.Sow as evenly as possible but expect to come back after germination to thin out crowed sprouts for proper spacing.Cauliflower: Similar to broccoli and cabbage but a bit more challenging.Look for young seedlings and set transplants into the garden in late summer or early fall.It’s well worth dedicating a bit of space to this for the chance of experiencing just how good it can be from your own garden.Garlic: Super easy to grow, sow cloves directly into the soil about 2-inches deep in mid-fall and enjoy the harvest next summer.Also ornamental, these plants are great to cook up on a cold night or toss in a smoothie, especially kale.Lettuce: Super easy to grow, sow seeds directly into beds or containers starting about 8 weeks before the first average frost date.Sugar snaps and snow peas are cool season varieties and like candy in the garden.Radishes: The fastest growing edible plant in your garden, they can be ready to harvest in less than 30 days from seed.So if all you know are the small hot ones, give radishes another look for a fast-growing, tasty, storable crop that’s super easy to grow.What could be better than harvesting some fresh sweet leaves of spinach for a salad or side dish?Even if foliage dies back in winter, new leaves commonly emerge in spring from the base. .
How to Plant a Fall Vegetable Garden
Summer might be high season in the vegetable garden, when tomatoes, squash, and other warm-season plants are in overdrive, but autumn can be just as productive.If you begin planning and planting in late summer, you can extend your harvest of garden-fresh produce well into fall and even winter by growing cool-season crops.And many sweet root crops like beets and carrots as well as cabbage cousins like kale can continue growing for several weeks beyond the first frost.Here's an example: If your first fall frost typically occurs around October 31 and you want to grow 'French Breakfast' radishes, which mature in about 25 days, you'd plant them around September 22.If you start your seeds directly outdoors, plant them a little deeper than you would in spring; the soil is typically moister and cooler an extra inch or two down.Test Garden Tip: If you live in a hot-summer climate, you might need to start seeds of your favorite cool-season vegetables indoors; many do better in air-conditioning than they do in the heat.Sown in September, sprinters such as arugula, mustard, spinach, turnips, and crispy red radishes are ready to harvest in little more than a month.Also try pretty Asian greens, such as tatsoi or mizuna, which grow so fast that you will have baby plants to add to stir-fries and soups just three weeks after sowing.When protected by a blanket of snow or a plastic tunnel, spinach can survive winter and produce a flush of sweet leaves first thing in spring. .
What to Plant in the Fall
To many, the arrival of Labor Day means summer is over, but for gardeners looking to stretch out the growing season, it signifies a new opportunity for planting.From early fall through most of November is one of the best times of year to plant spring-blooming bulbs, cool-season annuals and vegetables, as well as many trees, shrubs, and perennials.It’s also a super opportunity for stocking up on new plants at clearance sales, dividing overgrown clumps, taking cuttings, and sowing seeds.”.You can find a good selection of perennials, shrubs, and cool-season annuals online from Proven Winners, or check you local garden center.If you still haven’t put your bulbs in the ground by early winter, go ahead and plant them as soon as there is a thaw or break in the weather.Another option is to plant your bulbs in pots and allow them to overwinter in a holding bed or a sheltered outdoor spot, covered with several inches of mulch.Planting tips: When purchasing bulbs, buy several varieties with a range of flowering periods so you can enjoy blooms from early to late spring. .
21 Vegetables for the Fall Garden
By the end of summer, I’m craving homemade chai and crispy leaves.By the end of fall, I’m craving cozy crackling fires and nourishing soups.But the end of winter, I’m craving the smell of fresh green grass and new baby calves.I’ve been looking at which veggies I want to add to my fall garden rotation and which ones will hold up best with our erratic Wyoming winters.I’ve collected this list of fall vegetable options, just in case you’re not quite ready to give up gardening season either.(UPDATE: since writing this post, I’ve gotten WAY more into fall gardening.Cold Hardiness: This is a half-hardy vegetable that you can keep growing all season long by planting one small crop at a time.Hot weather makes it bitter and extreme cold freezes it.Other Notes: If you use a cold frame or row cover, you can grow lettuce through the winter in most garden zones.Frost enhances their flavor, and they are super tasty if harvested under a foot of snow.Make sure to give them a rich soil in the beginning and regular feedings throughout the season.Other Notes: Like Collards, Mustard grows very fast and produces many leaves for harvest.You must give them a rich and continually moist soil for optimal growth.It can survive the cold, but unless you protect it from snows and hard frosts, it might die back in the winter.Soak the seeds 24 hours before planting for a higher success rate for germination.Helpful Links: How to preserve your herbs (including parsley) in salt.Arugula hates heat, which makes it bolt, and it also gets heavy damage with hard frosts and snow.They will have a higher success rate in colder garden zones with a cold frame or row cover.When to Plant: Swiss Chard should be started 10 weeks before your first frost date.When to Plant: Broccoli should be started indoors 85-100 days before your first frost date.Other Notes: Make sure to give your Broccoli plenty of constant water, they need steady moisture for optimal growth.Helpful Links: A post all about the details of growing broccoli and other cole crops in your fall garden.When to Plant: Start your Cauliflower seeds indoors 12 weeks before your first frost.Other Notes: Make sure your Cauliflower gets steady moisture: not too much or too little in order to get the best crop.Kohlrabi is more hardy to hot weather than many Cole crops and they will survive light frosts.Other Notes: Kohlrabi is a great vegetable for most fall gardens because they are mature very quickly: in 65 days, you can harvest them.When to Plant: Start your Leek seeds indoors 8-12 weeks before your first frost date.Other Notes: Cool temperatures and constant water will give you deliciously sweet Cabbage.Other Notes: Garlic takes almost 1 year to grow, but the long growing season needs very little work from you: plant in the fall, eat or cut the garlic scapes in the spring, harvest next fall when the leaves turn brown, cure for 2-3 weeks.They can handle light frosts and can survive winter with some row cover protection and heavy mulch in garden zones 6 and higher.Many winter varieties are also early maturing, so you’ll probably be able to harvest even before the temps really drop.Other Notes: Radishes are easy to grow and mature quickly, so be sure to check them frequently and don’t leave them in the ground too long.When to Plant: Peas can be a challenge for fall gardens because you have to take a bit of a gamble on the weather.You might get an unexpected heat wave or an early hard frost, both of which can damage your fall Pea harvest.Depending on the variety, you should start your fall Peas 70-90 days before your first frost date.Try planting in small batches every 10 days for a steady crop of beans.Regular watering and heavy mulch can help keep that soil cooler for better germination rates.Most people will agree that the flavor of the fall-grown green beans far exceeds that of those produced in the spring. .