Michael’s rose-growing philosophy is similar to mine, and we’ve always enjoyed comparing notes and discussing roses—mainly why we shouldn’t fuss over them so much.“For cutting single roses or clusters of blooms, choose better-quality garden scissors or, better yet, hand pruners with sharp blades,” says Marriott.Their ability to take up plenty of water is the key to keeping them fresh.” Good cutting tools, he insists, are not a place to skimp.Higher quality tools have sharper cutting edges that stay sharp longer, and often worn parts and blades can be replaced.His personal favorite is Felco’s #6 bypass pruner, a first choice of many florists, with a small cutting head that reaches easily into dense bushes. .

Cut-Flower Care: How to Make Fresh Flowers from Your Garden

But this is precisely the time to create a stunning bouquet from the fruits of your labor, so you can enjoy the sights and smells of the garden inside your home as well as outside it.I know that it only takes one gusty wind or heavy summer rain to destroy my beloved blooms.There is another reason I cut: It encourages more flowering on my plants throughout the summer months and even into early fall.Periodic cutting performs the same function as deadheading—promoting more blooms by delaying the onset of fruit.Of course, the main reason I cut is for the tremendous satisfaction I get seeing my garden-grown flowers sitting pretty in a vase on the kitchen table.I make sure to pick and condition my flowers properly, so they'll have an extended vase life.Midday is the least auspicious time to cut, as transpiration rates are at a peak and plants are rapidly losing moisture through their leaves.This is true for spike flowers (salvias, agastaches, delphiniums, Eremurus, gladioli, snapdragons, stocks, larkspurs, and the like) as well as cluster flowers (agapanthus, Alstroemeria, baby's breath, Clarkia, lilacs, phlox, Queen Anne's lace, verbenas, yarrow, and silenes, for example).By contrast, flowers that grow on individual stems (such as asters, calendulas, chrysanthemums, dahlias, Datura, gerbera daisies, marigolds, sunflowers, Tithonia, and zinnias) should be cut when fully open.The gauge on scissors is set for paper or fabric, not for flower stems, which are bulkier.In order to prevent this from happening, some people cut their flowers under water before transferring from bucket to vase.Custom-cutting the flower stem in open air and immediately placing it in the vase of water is usually fine.It also enables the stem to stand on a point, allowing water to be in contact with the cut surface.This will retard bacterial growth, which shortens the vase life of flowers and makes the water smell foul.Professional florists and commercial growers always use lukewarm water for their cut flowers.(An exception is when you are using bulb flowers, such as hyacinths and tulips, which need cold water.).Flowers with hearty (or solid) stems, such as cockscomb, Clarkia, marigolds, statice, and transvaal daisies, need only the diagonal cut to absorb maximum water.The stems of hollow-stemmed flowers, such as amaryllis, bells-of-Ireland, dahlias, delphiniums, and hollyhocks, need to be filled with water.Simply turn the flower upside down and pour water into the open cavity of the stalk.I have noticed that when I fill the hollow stems in this way, the heads of my dahlias stand upright and the small buds on the tip my larkspur actually open!Since most bulbs bloom when the air and ground are still at low temperatures, they do better in a vase of cold water.For woody plants such as lilac, dogwood, mock orange, pear, and heather, be sure to split the stems at the ends rather than smash them.For this reason, the ends of the stems need to be seared before the flowers are placed in the arrangement.By placing each flower into the container at an angle, you can form a grid or web that will hold the design together.She specializes in thematic design work and has decorated events in the New York region and beyond. .

How to Cut and Display Roses

Strong, sturdy stems, buds that open slowly and elegantly, and an unforgettable fragrance, make roses a favorite to grow in a cutting garden.Hybrid tea roses generally produce one perfect blossom at the end of the each stem.Virtually all hybrid tea roses are repeat bloomers throughout the growing season and each blossom may have over 60 petals and be as large as 5 inches across.Always use clean, sharp pruners to prevent damaging the rose canes and spreading disease.Use either a floral preservative or add a splash of a lemon/lime soda or even a squeeze of lemon and a tablespoon of sugar to the water in the vase.If you cut a lot of flower arrangements, you can buy floral preservative less expensively, in bulk.Let your cut roses have a few hours in a cool spot out of direct sunshine before you display them.Re-cut the stem bottoms and submerge them in very warm, (not so hot you can’t touch it) water and let them sit for about an hour before replacing them in the vase. .

The 12 Best Types of Roses for Your Garden

TIPS FOR CHOOSING THE BEST ROSES ROSE TYPES Photo by: Janet Loughrey FLORIBUNDA First developed around 1940, these hybrids combine the free-flowering nature and compact habit of polyanthas with the vibrance and color range of hybrid teas.Zones: 4-10 Height/Spread: Compact bushy habit, 2-5 feet tall and 2-4 feet wide Bloom time: Repeat or continuous bloom from early summer to fall Color: Flowers are white, yellow, pink, gold, lavender-blue, burgundy, apricot, orange, red or bicolored; green foliage Try: ‘Cinco de Mayo’ (pictured), ‘Iceberg’, ‘Bonica’, ‘Amber Queen’, ‘Sunsprite’, and ‘Julia Child’ Photo by: Janet Loughrey HYBRID TEA Hybrid teas, which are a cross between tea roses and hybrid perpetuals, became the first modern rose type when introduced in 1867.Plant in a mixed border, mass planting, container, or as a stand-alone accent.Zones: 5-9 Height/Spread: Upright bushy habit, 3-8 feet tall and 2-3 feet wide Bloom time: Repeat or continuous bloom from late spring to fall Color: Flowers are white, yellow, pink, gold, lavender-blue, burgundy, apricot, orange, red, bi- or multi-colored; green foliage Try: ‘Double Delight’ (pictured), ‘Peace’, ‘Mister Lincoln’, ‘Fragrant Cloud’, and ‘Just Joey’.Photo by: Janet Loughrey GRANDIFLORA These taller shrub types, which were introduced in the 1950s, are a cross between hybrid teas and floribundas.Zones: 5-9 Height/Spread: Upright bushy habit, 3-8 feet tall and 2-5 feet wide Bloom time: Repeat bloom from late spring to fall Color: Flowers are purple, red, orange, white, pink, or yellow; green or blue-green foliage Try: ‘Dick Clark’ (pictured), ‘Gold Medal’, ‘Tournament of Roses’, ‘Mother of Pearl’, 'Octoberfest’, and ‘Cherry Parfait’.Shrub forms grow 2-4 feet tall and wide.These include Noisette and climbing forms of hybrid tea, Bourbon, floribunda, grandiflora, and tea roses.Zones: 2-10 Height/Spread: Climbing spreading habit, 6-12 feet tall (or long) and 3-4 feet wide Bloom time: Late spring to frost Color: Flowers are pink, white, yellow red, orange, lavender, purple, burgundy and apricot; green foliage Try: ‘Eden’ (pictured), ‘Cl.Profuse flower clusters occur on sturdy plants in shrub or climbing forms.These hybrid shrubs or climbers combine the full-petaled flower form and intense fragrance of old roses with the wider color range, repeat bloom and disease-resistance of modern roses.Zones: 4-11 Height/Spread: Upright, bushy or climbing habit, 4-12 feet tall and 3-5 feet wide Bloom time: Repeat or continuous bloom from late spring until fall Color: Flowers are white, pink, apricot, yellow, red, coral, burgundy, orange; foliage is green or blue-green.More rose types: Rambling rose: Larger than climbing roses, growing up to 20 feet high and 15 feet wide, ramblers have flexible stems and are easy to train.Larger than climbing roses, growing up to 20 feet high and 15 feet wide, ramblers have flexible stems and are easy to train.Landscape rose: Sometimes referred to as groundcover rose, this is a catch-all phrase that includes old and new shrub roses that are virtually maintenance-free.These include hybrid tea, polyantha, floribunda, grandiflora, shrub, climbers, and miniature roses.TIPS FOR CHOOSING THE BEST ROSES With the myriad varieties of roses available via garden centers and online retailers, it’s hard to avoid making impulse purchases.However, if you are ordering bare-root roses online, be sure to research the recommended growing conditions, soil preparation requirements, and planting instructions.Make a plan.Grow what you like. .

Picking Roses for Your Home Rose Garden

Different rose varieties will vary in its level of resistance to diseases such as mildew and black spot.combine the fragrance of old roses with the disease resistance and repeat-blooming quality of modern roses.Another quality group fo roses are the old fashioned varieties like the extremely hardy and healthy and often very fragrant, Rosa Apothecary or Rosa Ballerina.Roses vary in the fragrance level from unscented to very strong scents.Height and Color.Some rose plants require a significant amount of pruning and deadheading for the plant to grow more blooms. .

Choose the Best Roses for Your Garden

From classic red blooming hybrids to sprawling pink climbers, these garden roses come in all shapes and sizes.Before you toss any old rose plant into the ground, use this guide to find one that’s a perfect fit for your space.Grow shrub roses in masses or as companions to other plants, and choose from an array of colors, shapes and sizes.With gorgeous, classic flowers and a perfumelike scent to swoon over, hybrid teas probably come to mind when you think of traditional roses.The plants grow 4 to 6 feet tall with strong canes (main branches) and individual blooms.The foliage, which often falls prey to diseases, doesn’t cover the lower part of the canes, giving the plants a naked or barelegged look.Miniatures come as short as 6 inches or as tall as 3 feet, with small, hybrid tealike blooms that grow solo or in clusters.Miniflora roses feature compact plants—up to 3 feet tall—but grow full-size flowers as wide as 3 inches.To promote better blooming, allow the canes coming from the base of the plant to grow to their full length.Floribundas, also called spray roses, grow with several blooms in a rounded clump.Grandifloras resemble a blend of hybrid tea and floribunda roses, with large blooms produced both individually and in sprays.Several buds are grafted to a sturdy hybrid or hardy rose cane to give it the shape of a small tree.If you’re growing a tree rose in a cold climate, tuck it into a pot and overwinter it in an unheated space so it goes dormant but does not freeze.Own-root roses survive cold winters and produce shoots from their own roots, leading to fuller, healthier plants. .

How to Cut the Stems of Roses

Plunge the cut end of the rose stem into the container of water immediately after cutting it.Place the rose stems in the vase, stripping off any leaves that are underwater.You can cut longer stems from older bushes, always making the cut above a set of five leaves. .

The Smart Way to Grow Roses

Like the one he designed three years ago for the Royal Botanical Gardens in Ontario — a chemical-free province — that he proudly describes as “3,000 roses and 18,000 perennials chosen as insect-attracting companions.”. .

How to Pick Flowers

The Basics: Sun and Water.Before you get your heart set on a certain flower, know the amount of sun your yard offers and select flowers that will thrive in the available conditions.Lawn care professionals and garden centers can help guide you with appropriate selections.Time Your Color.Timing is another important element of any floral display.Although these flowers do not bloom until the summer, spring planting will give them time to establish themselves and yield intense blooms.As you anticipate the hues of your fall tree foliage, pick out mums that will either match or complement the rest of your landscape. .

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