Watch our video and read our plant care tips to learn how to water indoor plants.All plants need water.Tip #1: The Plant’s Pot Matters.Plants kept in grower’s pots long-term are almost always root-bound in the container, which inhibits their growth, makes it hard to water them properly, and can make them more susceptible to disease.The pots also need drainage holes to help the soil dry out after watering and should be on a saucer to allow you to water thoroughly and capture any excess water.Tip #3: Water the Soil, Not the Leaves.Tip #6: Consider The Seasons.This change in behavior makes it all the more important to learn the language of your specific plant and to take time to understand when it’s actually in need of watering.Don’t worry if you are guilty of under or overwatering — most plants are resilient and easy to grow if you give them TLC. .

How to Water Your Indoor Plants The Right Way — The Houseplant

To know if the soil is still moist inside, stick a finger (or a toothpick) in the top 2 cm (1 inch) of soil.To know if the soil is dry, look at the edge of the soil. .

How to Water Houseplants Correctly

From purportedly removing pollutants and reducing stress to increasing focus and creativity, they bring some of the outdoors inside and are, almost literally, a breath of fresh air.But given that they were designed to live outside in the ground and in accordance with Mother Nature, if we decide to foster them inside, we have to take care to treat them well.Dr. Leonard Perry, a professor emeritus of horticulture at the University of Vermont, notes that watering, and most often overwatering, is where most houseplant-keepers go wrong.Fortunately, he writes, “it really isn’t that difficult or rocket science once you consider environmental factors, and the individual plant needs.”.But once you know how to read a plant and its soil, which isn’t that hard, you can master the art of watering.Because the variables that affect a plant’s thirst are ever changing, it’s best not to stick to a fixed schedule.Since soggy leaves can invite disease and fungus, the best time to water is in the morning, giving the plant the daytime to dry out.For plants by windows that are accustomed to a lot of light, be careful of overwatering on cloudy days since their foliage will not dry out at the usual rate.Frigid water straight from the faucet can shock the roots, especially for tropical plants who spend their time dreaming of the sultry rainforest (not really, but maybe...?).It ensures that those important roots near the bottom are getting enough to drink, which is harder when watering from the top.You can also use a container that is large enough to hold the planter, and fill it halfway or so with water.The only problem with bottom-watered plants is that it doesn’t remove excess salts from the soil like top watering does.This helps “break up dry pockets of soil, ensure even moisture distribution, and get airflow to the roots,” says Darryl Cheng of the popular Instagram feed, houseplantjournal, and keeps “the soil structure healthy until the next time you repot the plant.".In this case, give the plant a long, slow drink to allow the soil to absorb it.For really dry plants, you may notice that the soil has dried up enough to create a gap between the edge and the pot – in this case, gently nudge the soil back into place so that the water doesn’t have an escape route straight down the side.Not only do they begin to soak the salt back up, but staying too wet can lead to rotting roots.This give the plant enough time to get a little extra watering from the bottom, but not enough to lead to over-wetness problems.


How to Properly Water Indoor Plants

DON’T Use Softened Water.DO Water Indoor Plants as Needed.To know when your houseplants need a drink, touch the soil.You can set a schedule for checking to see if your indoor plants need water, but don’t base your watering on the calendar.Giving houseplants a good, long drink encourages healthy root system development.DON’T Let Indoor Plants Sit in Water. .

How to Water Houseplants (and How to Know if You're Overwatering

Once you start following our guidelines, you may never have to be haunted by the memory of crispy, dried out leaves or mushy, brown plants again.Most tap water should be fine for your houseplants unless it is softened because it has salts that can build up in the soil over time and eventually cause problems.Either extreme can damage your houseplants' leaves, so it's best to refill your watering can ($30, Target) right away after each session and let it sit until next time.If you notice less growth than usual, ease up on how much water you give your plants until they start growing more again.If you notice less growth than usual, ease up on how much water you give your plants until they start growing more again.That way, any splashes on the leaves have a chance to dry and evaporate faster throughout the day when temperatures tend to be warmer.The longer that wetness sits on plant leaves, the higher the risk of diseases taking hold.It's better to pour enough on to fully soak the soil around each plant, continuing until water starts to run out of the container's drainage hole.If you catch the extra water in a saucer, sometimes your plant's soil will absorb a bit more while it sits in it.This is the ideal method for watering certain plants such as cacti, succulents, and African violets that don't like wetness near their stems.Even with good drainage, keeping the soil constantly wet can make it hard for air to reach the roots.The trick is to check the soil when you notice these problems: If it feels wet, you probably should go easier on the water.Lots of moisture encourages fungi and bacteria to grow in the soil, which can cause unpleasant odors, especially when roots are rotting.If that doesn't help your plant bounce back, you can also try repotting it with fresh soil after cutting away any dead or mushy roots with a pair of pruning snips ($12, Target). .

How to Water Indoor Plants

Overwatering can lead to rots; note, the blackened stems in the center of the pot.It is also not uncommon for a plant to get too dry -- you water it and it seems to pop back, but then it goes downhill.Likes evenly moist soil that doesn’t dry out: maidenhair fern, fittonia, prayer plant, poinsettia.This rosette can collect and hold rainwater, falling leaves and forest debris from which the plant draws nutrients as they decay.Use rainwater or tap water that has been allowed to sit for a day or two to remove chlorine.Watering bromeliads in the center of the rosette “cup” of the plant works well to mimic nature.Generally plastic and glazed pottery will dry out more slowly than clay.Be careful of gift plants in foil or decorative pot covers as these can retain excess water.Poke holes in the foil or cut off the bottom and place in a saucer so excess water can drain out of the pot.Once you have established the basic watering needs of your plant, there are several methods you can use to gauge how dry or wet your soil is.Don’t be afraid to tip a plant out of its pot to examine the soil and roots.Remember, don’t let the pot sit in the excess water in the saucer – dispose of it.Excess water can also be removed using a turkey baster, a sponge or a rag.One of the very best ways to quickly gauge the amount of water in the soil is to lift the pot.A plant growing in a soil-less mix in a plastic pot will be very light when it is dry.A very light pot may indicate the right time to water a cactus or succulent but it may mean death for a plant that wants to remain always moist.If the surface of the soil feels wet, for most plants, don’t water yet.If you have to probe down about an inch before you feel moist soil, it is time to water most plants.Inexpensive soil moisture meters are widely available and can assist you, especially for plants in large pots or planters where they cannot be easily lifted.This works best if done in a sink where the excess water and dissolved salts can easily drain away.Chlorine added to drinking water does not harm most plants but some may develop brown leaf tips over an extended period of use.These sensitive plants should be watered with rainwater if the brown tips or spots are problematic. .

How to Water & Flush Marijuana Plants

Like all plants, cannabis requires water in order to perform its basic functions.A cycle of wet and dry is healthy and necessary for the roots of a plant to grow out and reach deeper into the soil.Plant stage Water every # of days Germination 4-7 Seedling 3-7 Vegetative 2-4 Flowering 2-3.Stick a finger 1-2 inches into the soil—if it’s wet, hold off; if it’s dry, it’s time to water.When growing weed outdoors, you’ll need to water more often as the weather gets hotter and less often as it cools.If a weed plant is very dry, water will run straight through the soil and pot and quickly come out the drainage holes.Doing this will help guide roots to the edges of the pot as they seek available nutrients in soil.To properly water a cannabis plant, it needs to be in the correct size container, or a big enough hole if it’s in the ground.If a pot is too big, the plant’s roots can’t drink water where they don’t reach.Conversely, if a container is too small, the roots won’t be able to stretch out, which can stunt the growth of a plant.Less soil also meant you’ll need to water the plant all the time, which will add labor.Flushing is done for about a week before harvest, at the end of a plant’s flowering stage when buds are almost ready to cut down.The final flush should occur for a week or so before you cut down weed plants for harvesting.Flushing plants will remove this excess buildup and help restore the soil’s pH level.This will allow plants to resume absorbing nutrients to grow at a healthy, successful rate.To grow healthy, strong cannabis plants, you need clean water.Water can contain a number of contaminants, some of which are safe to be used in a garden and some that can have serious consequences for a plant’s health.Depending on the grow medium you’re using—soil, rockwool, hydroponics, etc.—cannabis prefers its water to be in the 6-7 pH range, which is optimal for nutrient uptake.Streams, ponds, and lakes can contain a range of biological contaminants like bacteria and parasites.This type of water has a higher ppm due to the extra dissolved solids in it.Cannabis homegrowers have several options available at various price points when sourcing water for a garden, each with its pros and cons.Contrary to popular belief, using unfiltered tap water on cannabis is not a death sentence for plants.Some cities use incredibly hard water with high levels of contaminants such as chlorine, calcium, and magnesium.While water with a low ppm concentration of these chemicals won’t necessarily kill a plant, it can have a negative impact on the biological activity in organic soil.Doing so will allow ample time for chemicals to evaporate, making tap water usable for growing.This option may not be available for growers living in cities with heavily treated water systems.Organic growers will also find that chemicals in treated water may have a negative impact on biological life in soil.Unfortunately, many jurisdictions have ordinances that either completely prohibit or set strict limits on the collection of rainwater and the reuse of gray water.Water that has been collected either by rain or by reuse will also need to be filtered and stored properly, requiring filter systems and specially graded storage containers built to withstand the elements without risk of contamination or breaking.Bottled water is a great pure, uncontaminated source that’s relatively inexpensive for a small-scale garden.These systems work by pushing water molecules through a semi-permeable membrane, filtering out most contaminates.Using an RO system will ensure absolute filtration and decontamination, making it a safe method for cleaning large quantities of water for a grow operation.RO systems are also known to waste quite a bit of water, making them high on the list for negative environmental impact. .

How to Water Potted Plants

However, when you are first starting out, figuring out how to make those plants happy can be pure frustration.Luckily for us, ninety percent of the plants out there will be happy if you follow these simple guidelines.More plants are killed with a ‘cup of kindness’ rather than a good long drink of water.Plants that frequently receive a cup of water, seldom develop roots in the bottom 2/3’s of the container.When that daily cup of water is not available, the plant wilts and could easily be lost due to dehydration.First it will encourage roots to grow all the way to the bottom of the pot, which means happier plants.If you water your plants too late in the day the foliage will tend to stay wet all night.Wet foliage at night makes a great breeding ground for disease.If your plant isn’t wilting and it’s after 6:30 at night you should be able to wait until morning to water.Early in spring when your plants are smaller and the temperatures are lower you may only have to water every 3 or 4 days.If you do incorporate these additives be careful that you don’t over-water in spring when the pots are drying out less quickly, something I learned the hard way.There will always be those plants that prefer to be kept drier than this (cacti, some succulents, etc…) or wetter than this (Juncus (Rushes), Papyrus, Acorus, Elephant Ears (Alocasia, Colocasia) etc…) but for the most part these guidelines will fit the bill. .


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