Flower Gardens

How To Prepare Garden Soil For Winter

How To Prepare Garden Soil For Winter

One of the reasons why soil feels so loose and friable toward season’s end is that it is impregnated with the summer’s "crop" of fungal hyphae and mycelium – microscropic threads that will slowly rot through winter, along with roots left behind by veggies and weeds.So, unless you have a good reason for doing so, for example you want to prepare space now for an early spring salad garden, in fall it is better to mulch over vacant beds without cultivating them first.There is seldom a crop present for them to smother, and common weeds like henbit and chickweed often form green mats of foliage that protect the soil from erosion.To keep winter weeds from reseeding too heavily, simply hoe them down in early spring, rake up the greens, and compost them.In this way, the bed benefits from a deep layer of compost at the surface, which is further enhanced by a cloth cover.A cloth cover moderates how much moisture reaches the compost and soil below and cushions the bed, which reduces compaction caused by pounding rain

Where Is Woolmers Rose Garden

Where Is Woolmers Rose Garden

[2] Along with Brickendon Estate, WQoolmers was inscribed onto the Australian National Heritage List in November 2007 as being of outstanding national significance because of their close association with the convict consignment system[4][5] and in July 2010 included on the World Heritage list as Australian Convict Sites and amongst the world's[6].The Woolmers Estate features the National Rose Garden, which was begun in 1999 and fundraised by public donation.In 1812, Thomas Archer arrived in New South Wales on the ship Guilford, with a letter of introduction from Lord Liverpool[10] acquired from the influence of his uncle, proprietor of the London Courier.He achieved success as a public servant, starting as a Clerk in the Sydney Commissariat before being appointed acting deputy assistant commissary in November of that year.By 1819, the very first part of modern Woolmers - the weatherboard section of the main house - was under construction, using wood logged on the property

What's The Best Compost For Roses

What's The Best Compost For Roses

Aged manure is particularly good for roses when being planted, but it is also good to add as a fertilizer in the spring and fall.Composted Manure for Roses.Composted manure provides a very good organic fertilizer for roses, according to Heirloom Roses.Before you plant a rose bush, either the bare-root variety or one already growing, you should add plenty of organic matter into the soil.Both types of manure have nutrients that benefit roses, but you need to supplement them with additional nutrients either separately or in a balanced formula.Manure is the best compost for roses, according to Heirloom Roses, but when using manure on roses, you shouldn't use manure around the roots

How To Make A Low Maintenance Flower Garden

How To Make A Low Maintenance Flower Garden

Or, perhaps you just love the look of a flower garden and would like to have one.Although, I would love to be able to come along side you and physically help you plant and maintain a flower garden, I can’t.What I can do, however, is provide you with some practical tips for Creating and Caring for a Low Maintenance Flower Garden.What does Low Maintenance Mean?Low maintenance does not mean no maintenance and low maintenance is not for lazy gardeners.For this article, low maintenance means low upkeep.Low maintenance means making wise plant decisions and doing your homework up front, so you don’t end up with a flower garden that requires tons of work to look good.Just a warning that the initial work of planning out and planting a low maintenance flower garden, will not feel low maintenance at all.Ideas for a Low Maintenance Flower Garden:.The first rule of thumb in creating a low maintenance flower garden is to keep it small .The most important tip of all in creating a low maintenance flower bed is mulch .After planting your flower garden and watering it well, always apply a 2 – 3 inch layer of a good, shredded mulch.of all in creating a low maintenance flower bed .After planting your flower garden and watering it well, always apply a 2 – 3 inch layer of a good, shredded mulch.so that your plants don’t dry out.Don’t mistake flowers that are easy to grow with flowers that don’t require lots of care.Marigolds are one of the easiest flowers to grow, but not necessarily low maintenance, as they require lots of deadheading in order to keep them looking good.When you start thinking about creating a low maintenance garden and which plants to select, be sure to stay away from plants that are described as “invasive,” “vigorous spreaders” or “aggressive.” See Plants Not to Grow In Your Garden (Even if they Are Free).In making up this list of Low Maintenance Flowers, I kept to flowers that:.Low Maintenance Perennials for Shade:.Low Maintenance Annuals for Shade:.How to Take Care of a Low Maintenance Flower Garden:.Weeding.The very best way to keep weeds at bay in the first place is to use mulch like I stated above, but even with mulch, you will still have weeds.If you stay on top of weeding, over time weeds become less and less.Make plans now to create your low maintenance flower garden this spring.Other posts on Gingham Gardens that will help you Create and Care for Your Low Maintenance Flower Garden:.Flower Gardening 101.Flower Garden Maintenance.Better Homes & Gardens also has an interesting article on creating a low maintenance backyard

How To Make Good Soil For Flowers

How To Make Good Soil For Flowers

The gardens around my home in Richmond, VT, include a large vegetable garden, seasonal greenhouse, cutting garden, perennial gardens, rock garden, shade garden, berry plantings, lots of container plants and a meadow garden.Vegetable gardeners understand the importance of healthy garden soil.Soil type is generally classified by the size of these inorganic soil particles: sand (large particles), silt (medium-sized particles) or clay (very small particles).The proportion of sand, silt and clay particles determines the texture of your soil and affects drainage and nutrient availability, which in turn influence how well your plants will grow.Organic Matter.Organic matter is the partially decomposed remains of soil organisms and plant life including lichens and mosses, grasses and leaves, trees, and all other kinds of vegetative matter.You can increase the amount of organic matter in your soil by adding compost, aged animal manures, green manures (cover crops), mulches or peat moss.Because most soil life and plant roots are located in the top 6 inches of soil, concentrate on this upper layer.They help convert organic matter and soil minerals into the vitamins, hormones, disease-suppressing compounds and nutrients that plants need to grow.A healthy soil is about 25 percent air.Fine soil particles (clay or silt) have tiny spaces between them - in some cases too small for air to penetrate.To ensure that there is a balanced supply of air in your soil, add plenty of organic matter, avoid stepping in the growing beds or compacting the soil with heavy equipment and never work the soil when it is very wet.A healthy soil will also contain about 25 percent water.In sandy soils, the spaces between the soil particles are so large that gravity causes water to drain down and out very quickly.In waterlogged soils, water has completely filled the pore spaces, forcing out all the air.Organic matter also absorbs water and retains it until it is needed by plant roots.By balancing them you can dramatically improve your soil's healthy and your garden's productivity.The next layer above the silt will be clay.Some of this organic matter may still be floating in the water.If not, you probably need to add organic matter to improve the soil's fertility and structure.In a sandy soil, large air spaces between the sand particles allow water to drain very quickly.Because sandy soils usually contain very little clay or organic matter, they don't have much of a crumb structure.To improve sandy soil: Work in 3 to 4 inches of organic matter such as well-rotted manure or finished compost.Add at least 2 inches of organic matter each year.Clay particles are small and flat.To improve clay soil: Work 2 to 3 inches of organic matter into the surface of the soil.Then add at least 1 inch more each year after that.Add the organic matter in the fall, if possible.Silty soils contain small irregularly shaped particles of weathered rock, which means they are usually quite dense and have relatively small pore spaces and poor drainage.To improve silty soil: Add at least 1 inch of organic matter each year.When the hydrogen ions prevail, the soil is acidic (pH 1 to pH 6.5).And when the hydroxyl ions tip the balance, the pH is alkaline (pH 6.8 to pH 14).Most essential plant nutrients are soluble at pH levels of 6.5 to 6.8, which is why most plants grow best in this range.To improve the fertility of your soil, you need to get the pH of your soil within the 6.5 to 6.8 range.The most common way to raise the pH of your soil (make it less acidic) is to add powdered limestone.For best results, apply wood ash in the winter, and apply no more than 2 pounds per 100 square feet, every two to three years.To raise the pH of your soil by about one point: In sandy soil: add 3 to 4 pounds of ground limestone per 100 square feet.(Most labs do not test for nitrogen because it is so unstable in the soil.).To get the most accurate test results, take a soil sample from each garden area: lawn, flower garden, and vegetable garden.Soil Testing Labs.They will begin growth again in spring, and need to be tilled in before you can plant your garden.Green manures can also be planted on a new garden area the year before you plan to use it.Clay soils become easier to work and nutrients become more available; sandy soils are able to retain more water and nutrients.Hardpan is a dense layer of soil that restricts root growth and the movement of moisture, air and beneficial organisms through the soil.Most organic fertilizers actually have a higher nutrient content, but these nutrients gradually become available to plants over a period of months or even years.Liquid seaweed makes these nutrients immediately available.Seaweed is not a complete fertilizer because it doesn't provide adequate nitrogen and phosphorus for most plants